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Moses's wife was a Midianite. Solomon had many non-Jewish wives. Abraham married Hagar, who was an Egyptian.

If Jews shouldn't marry non-Jews, how were these prominent Jewish leaders able to do so?

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You wrote "do so", but only mentioned people in the past predating Ezra's takana. –  avi Dec 29 '13 at 14:55
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These are all as yet unsourced facts that I recall: Before the giving of the Torah, there were no jews and non-jews, (So Moses was no more or less of a jew than tsipora). Solomon's wives converted, though many did so without forsaking their idolatrous tendencies. David married a non jewess while at war per the laws in the verses in deuteronomy. She had children and then converted, along with them. –  Baby Seal Dec 29 '13 at 14:56
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The classifications of women in the question are nationalities. "Jew" is not. There is a false dichotomy. –  WAF Dec 29 '13 at 17:59
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Sanhedrin 107a about david's wife, Yeb. 76a-b about solomon and pharaoh's daughter. possibly Exodus ch 19 and 24 for national conversion? –  Baby Seal Dec 30 '13 at 0:08
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Driving a car means lighthing a fire. While it is controversial I can sort of understand. Not marrying chinese or ethiopian or british is not the same law. It's indeed addition. –  Jim Thio Jan 5 at 7:40

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The Torah commands the Jewish people not to marry the daughters of the 7 Cananite nations in Israel.

Devarim 7:1-4

א כִּי יְבִיאֲךָ, יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ, אֶל-הָאָרֶץ, אֲשֶׁר-אַתָּה בָא-שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּהּ; וְנָשַׁל גּוֹיִם-רַבִּים מִפָּנֶיךָ הַחִתִּי וְהַגִּרְגָּשִׁי וְהָאֱמֹרִי וְהַכְּנַעֲנִי וְהַפְּרִזִּי, וְהַחִוִּי וְהַיְבוּסִי--שִׁבְעָה גוֹיִם, רַבִּים וַעֲצוּמִים מִמֶּךָּ. 1 When the LORD thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and shall cast out many nations before thee, the Hittite, and the Girgashite, and the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite, seven nations greater and mightier than thou; ב וּנְתָנָם יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ, לְפָנֶיךָ--וְהִכִּיתָם: הַחֲרֵם תַּחֲרִים אֹתָם, לֹא-תִכְרֹת לָהֶם בְּרִית וְלֹא תְחָנֵּם. 2 and when the LORD thy God shall deliver them up before thee, and thou shalt smite them; then thou shalt utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor show mercy unto them; ג וְלֹא תִתְחַתֵּן, בָּם: בִּתְּךָ לֹא-תִתֵּן לִבְנוֹ, וּבִתּוֹ לֹא-תִקַּח לִבְנֶךָ. 3 neither shalt thou make marriages with them: thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son. ד כִּי-יָסִיר אֶת-בִּנְךָ מֵאַחֲרַי, וְעָבְדוּ אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים; וְחָרָה אַף-יְהוָה בָּכֶם, וְהִשְׁמִידְךָ מַהֵר. 4 For he will turn away thy son from following Me, that they may serve other gods; so will the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and He will destroy thee quickly.

After the First Exile, Ezra explained this verse to mean the daughters or sons of any non-Jewish nation.

In Chapter 9 of Ezra, Ezra complains that the Jewish people have married all sorts of foreign women, including from the 7 nations.

In Chapter 10 of Ezra, It is decided that they will repent, and make a fence and not allow any intermarriage at all.

All examples of Jewish Leaders marrying non-Jews in the way of European Kings, happened before the Decree of Ezrah.

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How can Ezra change Torah commandment? I mean that means there is a drastic change of interpretation of what the commandments mean right? Can you be more specific and give reference. Where in the Torah does it say you must not marry the daughters of the 7 Cananite women. What Ezra actually said and what's his reasoning? –  Jim Thio Dec 31 '13 at 6:53
    
It's not a drastic change. It's a fence. –  avi Dec 31 '13 at 8:12
    
Isn't that like adding rules? Or is Torah allow some "flexibility" in interpretation? –  Jim Thio Dec 31 '13 at 10:09
    
The Torah always allows a fence which is defined and recognized as a fence. As for flexibility in interpretation, that exists whether it is allowed or not. We are human, and the Torah was given to humans, not angels. –  avi Dec 31 '13 at 13:04
    
the 7 nations were already long gone by then. This was after Sancheiriv. –  Shmuel Brin Dec 31 '13 at 17:36

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