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Elsewhere on this site, avi cited sources to the effect that, contrary to the Bavli (M'gila), the events recounted in the book of Ester took place after the second bes hamikdash was built. Do any rishonim (or earlier Judaism sources) say as much, thus lending credibility to the claim? (A number of rishonim, in their commentaries on Nach, did not hesitate to argue with the Bavli's reading of Nach.) I seek not sources who merely could be interpreted as implying as much (after all, one could say the p'sukim themselves imply as much), but sources who actually say so.

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Calling that "the bavli" is a little misleading. Its a midrash that got stuck in somehow. –  Double AA Dec 29 '13 at 1:03
Why do rishonim affect believability here? They were working with less than we have to determine the history. –  Double AA Dec 29 '13 at 1:04
@DoubleAA Rishonim had a better m'sora than we do about what took place when: they were closer to the events. Also, they were holier than we, so I trust their reading of Tanach more than I trust later persons' reading of it, especially where such contradicts the (holier yet) Bavli. –  msh210 Dec 29 '13 at 2:10
... To be honest, I wouldn't mind early acharonim as answers to the question, but I figured "rishonim" is a (slightly) easier-to-define category than "rishonim and early acharonim", so I left it at that. –  msh210 Dec 29 '13 at 2:16
Holiness is a pretty fit tool for interpreting Tanach, and I don't think it's unlikely that rishonim had a m'sora, when they learned Ester, that "this took place before|after the binyan bayis sheni" (nothing necessarily to do with Persian kings directly). –  msh210 Dec 29 '13 at 5:07

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