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Is Yirmiyahu 7:4 the source for the idea that there won't be a 4th Temple? If not, what is?

ד אַל-תִּבְטְחוּ לָכֶם, אֶל-דִּבְרֵי הַשֶּׁקֶר לֵאמֹר: הֵיכַל יְהוָה הֵיכַל יְהוָה, הֵיכַל יְהוָה הֵמָּה.‏
4. Trust ye not in lying words, saying: 'The temple of the LORD, the temple of the LORD, the temple of the LORD, are these.'

Edit: Rashi says this refers to the shalosh regalim, what is his source for that?

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The Book of Haggai begins with divine dissatisfaction with the returning exiles for failing to build the Second Temple. When they do start building, God is unimpressed. Nonetheless, He encourages Zerubabel and Joshua, and says (Hag 2:6):

כִּי כֹה אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת, עוֹד אַחַת מְעַט הִיא; וַאֲנִי, מַרְעִישׁ אֶת-הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֶת-הָאָרֶץ, וְאֶת-הַיָּם, וְאֶת-הֶחָרָבָה.

For thus saith the LORD of hosts: Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land

(emphasis mine)

Metzudat David says that "Yet once" refers to the Second Temple, which will only last "a little while", before being destroyed, as if the heavens, earth, sea, and dry land are being shaken. According to him, verse 7 is referring to the coming redemption.

So as of the beginning of the Second Temple, There will be "one more" exile and destruction before God reveals Himself, implying that the third Temple will be the last.

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Did you check any classical commentaries to see if they agree? – Double AA Nov 24 '15 at 20:41
@DoubleAA how'd I do? He doesn't say it in so many words, but its implied in the way I originally wrote. – Baby Seal Nov 25 '15 at 0:39

Chapter 40 and subsequent chapters of the prophecy of Yechezkel deal with the third temple.

In Chapter 43 (7) he says

And He said to me, Son of man, [this is] the place of My throne and [this is] the place of the soles of My feet where I shall dwell in the midst of the Children of Israel forever, and the House of Israel will no longer defile My Holy Name, etc.”

Please notice the word “forever” which implies that there will not be another temple. Please also see the explanation of the Malbim who describes the dwelling of the Divine Presence there as שכינת קבע - a fixed dwelling.

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Is לעולם really not used in any other description of the conquest of Israel/Jerusalem or the other Temples? – Double AA Dec 15 '13 at 17:22
Actually, Yechezkel is talking about the second temple. But the second temple was not built that way, so we say it talks about the third. But it might also be talking about the 4th or 5th or 10th. – avi Dec 15 '13 at 17:43
@DoubleAA If I remember correctly, "forever" is also mentioned in reference to the Mishkan. – avi Dec 15 '13 at 17:44
@avi What you mean to start your comment with is: Actually we have no idea what number Temple Yechezkel is talking about. (Not unlike many of his other prophecies...) – Double AA Dec 15 '13 at 17:56
Rabbi Frankel (Educational Coordinator at OU) in his article subtitles it "Construction and Inauguration of the Eternal Temple" and says: "an opinion cited in RASHI that this relates to the Second Temple, is based on the idea that that one could have been the Temple of the Mashiach, if not for the fact that "sin intervened," and the Repentance, of the People was inadequate, and the Redemption was pushed off into the future." The Haftarah also describes the Dedication of that Great Temple in the Messianic Age. – Avrohom Yitzchok Dec 15 '13 at 19:12

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