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Many books written by (early) Achronim are based on a particular shittah usually sourced in one or more of the Rishonim. This can be true both with regards to actual halachos or lists of mitzvos and of hashkofah books. Did the Ramchal have a particular shittah that he subscribed to which could be seen as a source for his book Derech Hashem? Also, can the Ramchal be said to have generally subscribed to a particular shittah in the Rishonim?

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"Many books written by (early) Achronim are based on a particular shittah usually sourced in one or more of the Rishonim." I've never, ever heard of this. Chidushe Halachos Maharsha? Minhagim of the Maharil? Yam Shel Sh'lomo? I haven't even heard of this phenomenon about "actual halachos or lists of mitzvos and [] hashkofah books". –  msh210 Nov 19 '13 at 5:39
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@msh210 Arguably the latter two examples you cite are rishonim themselves. –  Double AA Nov 19 '13 at 5:44

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I was a bit confused by your question because 'shitah' is usually a term used in learning halakhah but Derekh Hashem isn't a book of halakhah, i.e., what to do, but rather a presentation of a conceptual framework for understanding religion and the world. As far as the sources of the ideas: they come in large part out the Ramhal's engagement with the writings of the Ari and his working out a way of understanding them. The Ramhal took the writings of the Ari to be metaphorical and sought to penetrate to inner meanings, concerning the workings of providence and the processes of spiritual life. He works out these metaphorical interpretations in his other books, like 'Klalim Rishonim', 'Kla"h Pithey Hokhmah', and 'Adir Ba-Marom'. Then, in Derekh Hashem, the Ramhal presents just the conclusions of his interpretative enterprise, without reference to the original language of the Ari and without explicitly using any kabbalistic terminology at all. So the content comes out of the Kabbalah of the Ari, but it's a personal understanding or re-interpretation of that body of teachings, and is stripped of its original terminology.

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Do you have a source for where the basis of Derech Hashem is from the Kabbalah of the Ari? –  Bochur613 Nov 19 '13 at 1:58
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No, but if you choose some specific paragraph in the book, I could try to show you parallel discussions in his other books, where he explicitly derives the particular idea from some part of the the teaching of the Ari. –  paquda Nov 19 '13 at 2:01
    
I once heard this from an audio by Rabbi Yaakov Hillel - that almost everything he says is from the kitzvei arizal (according to his understanding) –  ray Nov 19 '13 at 9:10

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