Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

I am looking for a list of sources (early Rishonim and before) explicitly claiming that G-d is perfect.

One place I found is Devarim 32:4 "The deeds of the [Mighty] Rock are perfect, for all His ways are just; a faithful God, without injustice He is righteous and upright." This is not exactly perfection of G-d, just perfection of His work (good enough for me, but perfection of G-d is preferable). The Sifri on this verse spells it out explicitly.

Another is the description of the 2nd of 13 Principles of Rambam in the introduction to the Perek Cheilek in Maseches Sanhedrin, in his commentary on the Mishnah. He spells it out clear there (interestingly, in the siddur an equivalence is used - His Uniqueness - but I want it to mention perfection explicitly).

Thank you very much.

EDIT A question was raised which word in lashon hakodesh is being sought precisely. A variant of the word שלם shalem (e.g. שלמות sheleimus) would be ideal, but תם tam or תמים tamim would be ok too.

share|improve this question
according to the shaar yichud ch.10, you cannot describe God in any way whatsoever. Everything we find in scripture such as great, merciful, mighty, One etc. is only to negate the opposite. hence you will not find a reliable source describing God, but only those describing how He manifest Himself to us, i.e. His handiworks – ray Oct 28 '13 at 7:39
I think list questions are not a great fit for this site. The list you're looking for, in particular, is quite long (My first thought was Tehillim 92). – Charles Koppelman Oct 28 '13 at 15:03
@gt6989b Judging by answers that haven't been written yet seems like an incredibly poor way to evaluate how long they will be. – Double AA Oct 28 '13 at 15:28
How about the end of וכל מאמינים (by Yanai the Paytan, circa 7th century): התם, ומתמם עם תמימים. – Fred Oct 28 '13 at 17:08
If you're looking for sources in Tanach that HaShem is perfect in deed (e.g. Sh'muel II 22:31; Y'sha'yahu 46:10; B'midbar 11:23) or in knowledge (e.g. Iyov 37:16; Sh'muel I 2:3, see also Radak ad loc.), there is no shortage of examples. If you are looking for quotes from Tanach about the "perfection" of HaShem's intrinsic nature (aside from traits related to His relationship with Creation), you might be more likely to find quotes about how He is inscrutably or unfathomably great, along the lines of הן א-ל שגיא ולא נדע (Iyov 36:26). – Fred Oct 28 '13 at 19:15

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.