Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

What does Judaism believe regarding the nature of God? Is He a single being or multiple being as believed in most Christian denomination?

What is this "Absolute unity and singularity of God" means for the Jews?

If the Jews believe that God is multiple do they believe that the Messiah is one of the multiple persons of God? Or not?

share|improve this question
Did you do any of your own research before asking this? – Double AA Oct 27 '13 at 0:08

Here's a brief definition from Moshe Chaim Luzzatto's (early 18th century) Way Of God:

"God’s existence is absolutely simple, without combinations or additions of any kind. All perfections are found in Him in a perfectly simple manner. However, God does not entail separate domains — even though in truth there exist in God qualities which, within us, are separate… Indeed the true nature of His essence is that it is a single attribute, (yet) one that intrinsically encompasses everything that could be considered perfection. All perfection therefore exists in God, not as something added on to His existence, but as an integral part of His intrinsic identity… This is a concept that is very far from our ability to grasp and imagine…" (source: Wikipedia)

Also see the concise article from Aish.com here.

For a more detailed treatment, the classic sources are Gate of Unity from Duties of the Heart from Bachya Ibn Paquda, and Maimonides' Guide For The Perplexed.

share|improve this answer

The first and last word for me as a Jew on the Unity is Devarim 6:3, the Shema:

Hear, O Israel, HaShem is our God, HaShem is ONE.

ONE. Not three. Not 72. ONE.

No son. No wife. No brother in laws. ONE.

Like the other answer says, it IS simple.

share|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.