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Why are there four types of execution? Wouldn't it be enough if there were only one type of execution? Lashes for example are only of one type and the standard 40 lashes.

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There's only one kind of burning. –  Double AA Oct 21 '13 at 19:56
    
Why are there about a dozen kinds of Korban? –  Double AA Oct 21 '13 at 20:02
    
what does korban have to do with corporeal punishment? –  ray Oct 21 '13 at 20:05
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It shows how arbitrary your categories are. –  Double AA Oct 21 '13 at 20:06
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have heard once that it is related to being pogem in one of the four letters of the shem Havaya but not clear. –  ray Oct 22 '13 at 5:29
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1 Answer

There are different types of execution to highlight the various severities of the sin for which the sinner is being executed for.

As the Rambam writes (הלכות סנהדרין פרק יד):

סקילה חמורה מן השריפה, ושריפה חמורה מן הסיף, והסיף חמור מן החנק.

"Stoning is more severe than burning, burning is more severe than beheading, beheading is more sever than strangulation."

Similarly there are various types of "heavenly killing", e.g. כרת, מיתה בידי שמים, ערירי depending on the severity of the crime.

There are also different types of Korbanot, depending on the sin.

Even in monetary restitution we find that sometimes you pay what you damaged/stole and sometimes you pay more (חצי נזק) and sometimes you pay more; double, 4 or 5 times, and sometimes you get fined.

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so why on other corporal punishments (lashes) is it the same regardless? this was part of the question. thnx alot. –  ray Oct 31 '13 at 11:46
    
I guess all 3 categories of people who deserve lashes (as defined in the Rambam in הלכות סנהדרין פרק יח) are considered to be of similar severity. –  Danny Schoemann Nov 5 '13 at 12:32
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