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In present day world, most of the democratic countries follow Secularism, i.e. separating state and religion. What is the opinion of Judaism on Secularism: Should a state following Halacha endorse Secularism? Should such a state keep religious matters separate from government?

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Check out the comments of Ramban to Bereshit 49:10, where he says that the Chashmonaim were punished for acquiring both religious and political authority (keter kehunah and malchut). These are two distinct offices and should not overlap. – Eilu V'Eilu Oct 15 '13 at 16:40
@EiluV'Eilu Kehuna isn't really "religious" in the contemporary sense, as they don't have any religious power. – Shmuel Brin Oct 15 '13 at 17:10

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