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Who knows three hundred nineteen?

?תשעה עשר ושלוש מאות - מי יודע

In the spirit of the song "Echad - mi yodeya", please post interesting and significant Jewish facts about the number 319.

Please don't try to just sail through with lazy gematria.

Check out for the previous three hundred eighteen entries in this ongoing series.

Please include sources for your information wherever possible, as with all other answers on this site.

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So you're taking the lazy gematrios off the table, huh? –  HodofHod Sep 3 '13 at 15:23
    
@HodofHod :) I was going to try to work that in, too, but I didn't come up with something that would efficiently address both that and the Hebrew reference. –  Isaac Moses Sep 3 '13 at 15:29
2  
    
@GershonGold Hilarious :) –  Double AA Sep 3 '13 at 15:30
    
@Gershon, Avraham + 318 is 319, go for it! (It's legal!) –  HodofHod Sep 3 '13 at 15:31

2 Answers 2

up vote 3 down vote accepted
+500

In the 319th year of the fourth millenium AM, Nebuchadnezzar conquered Jerusalem1, beginning the first of four exiles2 that would envelop the Jews until today.


1. Seder Hadorot, Fourth Millenium, Year 319.

2. Various midrashim on the Covenant Between the Pieces, including Pirkei Derabi Eli'ezer Chapter 28.

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Osniel Ben Kenaz was the first Shofet after Yehoshua passed away. From the time of Osniel until the end of the time of Bnei Amon was 319 years. (Kro Mikra page 330:10)

Osniel ben Kenaz = 40 years ** Aihud ben Gaira = 80 years ** Devora = 40 years ** Gidon ben Yohash = 40 years ** Avimelech = 3 years ** Tolah ben Pua = 23 years ** Yair Hagiladi = 22 years ** 40 + 80 + 40 + 40 + 3 + 23 + 22 = 248

Kushan Rishosayim = 8 years ** Eglon Melech Moav = 18 years ** Yavin Melech Kenaan = 20 years ** Midyan = 7 years ** Bnei Amon = 18 years ** 8 + 18 + 20 + 7 + 18 = 71

248 + 71 = 319

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Can you clarify exactly what the end of the time of Bnei Amon is? –  Double AA Sep 10 '13 at 23:57
    
    
@msh210: I only know what I see in the linked Sefer. I am not an expert on that time frame and do not know how to clarify this further. –  Gershon Gold Dec 2 '13 at 20:15

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