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Imagine someone had two job offers:

  1. You would have to live more than walking distance away from Shul. However, you could drive to Shul during the week (let's say that it's too expensive to live within walking distance of that Shul).
  2. You live within walking distance of a Shul (let's say a totally different community). You would be able to come to Shul on Shabbos but the job would require one to miss minyan throughout the week.

What is more important, davening in a Minyan throughout the week or on Shabbos?

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I do not have a source and therefore I am commenting instead of answering. One can Daven with Neitz during the week and according to some Shittos it is better or equivalent to Davening with a Minyan. However missing Shul on Shabbos seems to me more severe, as it would take away from the flavor of Shabbos. –  Gershon Gold Aug 29 '13 at 17:13
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@GershonGold Mitzad hergesh, yes. I was wondering if there is a source. –  Shmuel Brin Aug 29 '13 at 17:23
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@ShmuelBrin Mitzad hergesh I would say the opposite! Something that is a part of one's day to day life is much more significant than some extra tunes sung on Shabbat –  Double AA Aug 29 '13 at 18:03
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@DoubleAA: I guess we disagree. Now we need sources to back us up! –  Gershon Gold Aug 29 '13 at 18:25
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@DoubleAA But here you have community, Kiddushim, or words of inspiration which could help push one further. Interestingly, most Rabbis push for a non-religious person to come to shul on Shabbos relatively early in their journey. It may be because its easier, but it may be because it helps. However, a source each way would be nice. –  Shmuel Brin Aug 29 '13 at 20:06
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2 Answers

Mishna Berura 90:29 says that it’s permissible to miss a minyan in order to prevent a loss of money. In your first example where You would have to live more than walking distance away from Shul. However, you could drive to Shul during the week, you would not have this dispensation on Shabbos as on Shabbos you have no loss of money. However in the second example where you live within walking distance of a Shul, and you would be able to come to Shul on Shabbos but the job would require you to miss minyan throughout the week. During the week you can avail yourself to the dispensation that it’s permissible to miss a minyan in order to prevent a loss of money.

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How do you know the mishna berura refers to menias revach and not just davar haaveid? –  Double AA Aug 30 '13 at 0:58
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You can make the exact opposite case on the basis that if you live more than 18 minutes from a minyan you are not obligated to Daven with them (don't know the source off hand). And then you're comparing missing 1x vs 6x. –  A L Aug 30 '13 at 1:39
    
In the first case, your "Shabbos dispensation" is that you live too far away (let's say you can drive to a minyan 10 miles away, but can't walk there or afford to live there) –  Shmuel Brin Aug 30 '13 at 1:59
    
Your answer is predicated that "loss of money" is matir, not doche. –  Shmuel Brin Sep 4 '13 at 4:28
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The ביאור הלכה says that it permissible to pray with הנץ החמה even without a Minyan. See below for the quote. Other positions hold in fact that it may even be preferable to pray at הנץ החמה without a Minyan then to wait later to pray with a Minyan. (See Teshuvot below.) So following Gershon Gold’s suggestion to address the morning issue, you could pray during the week with sunrise even without a Minyan. Then on Shabbos you could pray with a Minyan. This way you could hear Krias Hatorah and pray the Musaf together with a Minyan. It should be noted that Gershon's suggestion would only address the issue of the morning prayers, and not afternoon or evening prayers.

ביאור הלכה סימן נח

ומצוה מן המובחר וכו' – דע דהזהירים לקרות כוותיקין מותר לקרות ולהתפלל ביחידי אם אין להם מנין וגדולה מזה מוכח במשנה ברכות דף כ"ב ירד לטבול וכו' עיי"ש דאפילו אם אין לו תפילין בעת ההיא ג"כ אפ"ה יזהר לקרותה בזמנה סמוך להנץ ומשנה זו איירי בוותיקין כדמסקינן בגמ' שם:

Additional sources:

1) שו"ת הרמב"ם סימן קפ

2) חשוקי חמד בבא מציעא דף פג עמוד ב

3) שו"ת יביע אומר חלק א - או"ח סימן ד

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What happened to Mincha and Maariv??? –  Double AA Sep 4 '13 at 4:53
    
(related judaism.stackexchange.com/q/12416/759 ) –  Double AA Sep 4 '13 at 4:55
    
@DoubleAA aggh! In my haste to write this I had only considered that he was asking about the morning. You are correct. –  RCW Sep 4 '13 at 5:12
    
@DoubleAA Thanks for pointing out the related question. I added the sources over there for anyone who wants to explore them. –  RCW Sep 4 '13 at 5:20
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