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This is a question specific to Ashkenazim (Nusach Ashkenaz, Nusach Ari, and Nusach Sefard).

On Shabbat, after the Torah Reading and before Mussaf, 3 prayers, (2 Yikkum Purkans and a Mi Sheberach) are recited. On Yom Tov that falls out on a weekday, we are instructed to skip those prayers.

Why skip Yikum Purkan and the Mi Sheberach for the congregation on a holiday that falls out on a weekday?

There doesn't appear to be any Shabbat specific text, so why omit it?

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I cannot pretend to understand the reason offered by Taame Haminhagim 349, so will not post it as an answer. Perhaps someone who does understand it will do so. –  msh210 Jun 11 '13 at 5:59
    
    
link to Taame Haminhagim 349: hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=14556&pgnum=174 –  Menachem Jun 11 '13 at 16:06
    
In Yekkish kehillous the MiShebayrach following Yekum Purkon is omitted on Shabbos Mevorachim. (Yekum Purkon is said as it is on every Shabbos.) –  Rallis Wiesenthal Jan 7 at 8:44
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1 Answer

Rabbi Ari Henkin’s musings quotes the Siddur Harashban 20b to say that

Yekum Purkan is not recited on a weekday Yom Tov in order to allow for the already lengthy services to end that much earlier, so that people can get home and prepare their Yom Tov meal.[3] Indeed, it is reserved especially for Shabbat, as it is primarily a prayer for those who study the Torah, which was given on Shabbat.[4] It is also suggested that Yekum Purkan is recited only on Shabbat in order to recall that the Exilarch[5] would be present in the synagogue on Shabbat morning and reciting it then was considered to be a gesture of honor towards him.[6]

[3] Siddur Harashban 20b; Rokeaich 53.
[4] Ziv Hashabbat p.183.
[5] See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exilarch.
[6] Sefer Yuchsin p.121; Safra Chadeta p. 91 cited in Rite and Reason p. 252.

I do not know why the Exilarch didn’t, as implied, come to synagogue on Yom Tov.

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2  
The early Exilarchs were likley making aliyah b'regel on yontiv. –  Charles Koppelman Jun 11 '13 at 16:46
    
What about the Mi Sheberach? –  Menachem Jun 24 '13 at 21:25
    
Who is Rashban? –  Double AA Jan 7 at 8:51
    
@DoubleAA I have asked your question of Rav Henkin. Watch this space. –  Avrohom Yitzchok Jan 7 at 18:10
    
@DoubleAA The front page says Sidur Raschban von Salomon Schuck, Bezirksrabbiner Karczag. See hebrewbooks.org/21467. Could he be the Maharam Schik? More than this I do not know. –  Avrohom Yitzchok Jan 8 at 16:51
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