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There are those that eat two Seudos on Erev Yom kippur and those that eat only one. What is the source of eating either 2 or 1?

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Besides for eating two meals, there is a mitzvah to eat on Erev Yom Kippur. It is brought down in Seforim that if someone eats on Erev Yom Kippur, it is like he fasted on the 9th of Tishrei and the 10th. Then when we fast on Yom Kippur, it is like we fasted three days in a row! – d a Oct 3 '10 at 18:22

From Rabbi Yissachar Dov Krakowski:

One must eat at least the seudas Hamafsekes.

  1. There is a largely accepted minhag to eat two seudos Erev Yom-Kippur: one in the morning and one in the afternoon.
  2. One should eat meat for the Seudas Hamafsekes. There are those that eat Dairy for the morning meal, but many are noheg to eat meat for both.
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No one discusses a minhag to HAVE a morning meal in addition to the Seudah Hamafsekes. The discussion is having meat at your pre-existing morning meal. The assumption is that you ALWAYS have a morning meal. Some call this "breakfast." The assumption is that you sit for this meal and have bread always (Pas Boker). In the times of the Rishonim people didn't simply grab a coffee and a yogurt on the way to the train station.

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CJ, welcome to Mi Yodeya, and thanks very much for posting this answer. You could make this answer stronger by editing in citations of representative sources for the discussion about having meat at breakfast and for the assumption of "Pas Boker." I hope you'll stick around, enjoy Mi Yodeya, and keep contributing. You might find our 150 other yom-kippur questions a good place to continue. Gemar Chatima Tova! – Isaac Moses Sep 22 '15 at 13:44

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