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Can a person sell their portion in olam haba (heaven)? Is the sale valid and binding?

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In that case the portion is used, so he is dead, so you can't make a kinyan. –  Double AA May 28 '13 at 21:17
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related: parashat-toldot –  Charles Koppelman May 28 '13 at 21:20
    
I'm assuming that this was inspired by this article. –  Shimon bM May 29 '13 at 11:51
    
Anyone got a screenshot? I have the page open in my browser still, but I can't print-screen. :( –  Seth J May 29 '13 at 14:29
    
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5 Answers

No. The Talmud (מסכת סוטה כ"א עמוד א ) says:

"מאי בוז יבוזו לו? אמר עולא: לא כשמעון אחי עזריה, ולא כר' יוחנן דבי נשיאה, אלא כהלל ושבנא, דכי אתא רב דימי, אמר: הלל ושבנא אחי הוו, הלל עסק בתורה, שבנא עבד עיסקא; לסוף אמר לו: 'תא נערוב וליפלוג!' יצתה בת קול ואמרה אם יתן איש את כל הון ביתו וגו'"

“What does it mean, ‘He will scorn him to the extreme?’ (Shir HaShirim 8:7). Ula says, it is not referring to Shimon the brother of Azariah and Rav Yochanan of the house of the Nasi, but rather it refers to Hillel and Shavna. When Rav Dimi came he explained, ‘Hillel and Shavna were brothers. Hillel delved into Torah and Shavna involved himself with business. At the end [Shavna] said, ‘Let us mix our assets and divide them.6 A Bas Kol shouted out [in response], Should a man give all the wealth of his house for love, he will scorn him to the extreme.”

Translation from Rambam and Zevulun: Boz Yavuzu Lo, by R.A.B. Buchman (PDF). In the article he discusses different views on the Yissachar-Zevulun partnership. Some rishonim say that a man can share the merits of his learning with the person who supports him, but this has to be agreed on beforehand. That way the supporter can get merit for helping someone to learn Torah. But after the learning has been done, there is no way to "sell" the merit, and attempts to do so are deserving of "scorn" (בוז יבוזו לו). The article paraphrases R' Yerucham:

if the chacham actually writes a contract to sell the already learned Torah, he loses the merit he had gained for this Torah learning although the purchaser does not acquire it

If you can't sell merit for one deed, you obviously cannot sell an entire "portion" in olam haba. However, while the sale won't be good, it could help one lose his own portion.

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According to a well-known story (recounted by R. Aharon Lichtenstein here daat.ac.il/daat/history/hevra/tahalih-2.htm), the Gra purchased an esrog for the price of his reward for the mitzvah. As a consequence, the Gra was able to perform the mitzvah entirely lishmah. –  wfb May 29 '13 at 3:39
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In addition to the fact that it is not a marketable asset halachikally for those who have a chelek, the seller on Ebay declares himself to be an atheist which means he doesn't have a share in Olam Haba anyway (see the 1st mishna in Sanhedrin, Perek Chelek).

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Even if he repents? עד יום מותו אחכה לו. –  Epicentre May 29 '13 at 10:23
    
@Epicentre he said that if he repents he'll want it back for cost price IIRC –  Shmuel Brin May 30 '13 at 1:40
    
"and that if I become a Baal Teshuva (don't bet on it), I will pay the fair market value for the return of my Olam Habaah." –  Shmuel Brin May 30 '13 at 1:40
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Rav Chaim Kaniefsky says it is impossible in the sefer Shailos Rav pg.88 ,the questioner brings the famous story of the Gra who gave up his shcar mitzvah to have an esrog.see also Divrei Eliyahu pg 101 .Rav Chaim says its impossible and we don't learn halacha from stories.

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Will look it up for source,but don't have access to it this second. –  sam May 28 '13 at 22:22
    
"Rav Chaim says we don't learn halacha from stories". - Is that claim not itself a story? –  Ben Jun 20 '13 at 17:41
    
Not following,what's a story? –  sam Jun 20 '13 at 18:09
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I saw a wonderful sefer in a store (Z B Books) in Boro Park. The book was called מכירת עולם הבא" בהלכה". It answers all the questions and thoughts above and also cites many stories of gedolim that help to explain it all. For example, it cites the Maharsham and Reb Shlomo Kluger as saying that you can not sell it.

It's cheap (I think $5); it pays.

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Sorry, the previous was premature. As it stands this doesn't answer the question; can you edit your post to summarize what this book says about the question of selling one's portion? Otherwise this will probably be converted to a comment. Thanks. –  Monica Cellio Aug 16 '13 at 21:49
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וראה בשו"ת מהרש"ם (חלק ג סימן קנא) שהביא תשובת מהר"ם אלשקר (סימן קא), שהעתיק בענין זה תשובת רב האי גאון, וכתב שם שאין נתפס שום קנין בשכר עולם הבא, כי צדקת הצדיק עליו תהיה, ורשעת הרשע עליו תהיה. ע"ש.

It is not possible (see the above Teshuvot and Sefer WeEn Lamo Michshol vol. 10).

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