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B'midbar chapter 6 explains the laws of one who vows to become a nazir, but I've long been puzzled by why one would do this. (Our most famous nazir was commanded in this; Shimshon didn't make that choice.) What is the benefit? Was this just put here as a way to channel people looking to take on stringencies, or does it serve some other purpose?

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See also Sefer HaChinuch (§ 374), who portrays the nazirite vow as a tool that the Torah provides for people to occasionally undertake when they feel the need to withdraw from immersion in society and the pleasures of the world and thereby blunt their physical desires and focus on his service of the Almighty. The gemara (Nazir 4b) provides an example of a man whose evil inclination threatened to overpower him when he saw how handsome he was. The man took the extraordinary measure of immediately taking the nazirite vow that would require him to shave of his beautiful hair. – Fred May 19 '13 at 20:05
What @fred said. Essentially, your first guess, more or less. If people feel a need for spiritual elevation beyond what they get by performing the other Mitzvoth, this is the Torah-prescribed way. – Seth J May 19 '13 at 20:39
All previous commenters: these seem like answers. Might I suggest you post them as such? – msh210 May 19 '13 at 23:51
@Fred I was going to just answer, 'because he/she is good looking' based on that Gemara in Nazir – Matt May 28 '14 at 12:52

The gemara in Nedarim 10a says:

R. Yehudah said: The early hasidim were eager to bring a sin-offering, because the Holy One, blessed be He, never caused them to stumble. What did they do? They arose and made a free-will vow of neziroth to the Omnipresent, so as to be liable to a sin-offering to the Omnipresent.

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Perishus (separation from the world) is a very commendable thing. There's a whole 'gate' (section) in Duties of the Heart which discusses the reasons for this.

As to why the Talmud frowns on the Nazir for forbidding things which are permitted, I read from Rabbi Uziel Milevsky's book on the parsha in Nasso that this refers only to one who has the mistaken belief that the pleasures of the world are "bad". But for one who takes on Perishus to help him in the service of God, this is something commendable.

"When a man turns [excessively] to the physical pleasures, he will not stop nor rest day and night, and all of his aspirations will be to fulfill his desires. And all of his acts are not l'shem shamayim (for G-d), because he will always look first - if he will receive benefit from this - then he will do it. But if not, - he will drop it all" — from end of Gate #1 of Duties of the Heart's Marpe Lenefesh commentary. See Gate #9 for much more.

"The yetzer hara comes primarily through eating and simcha (parties). (ein hay'r ba ela mitoch achila v'simcha)" vilna gaon on Mishlei-7:14 - this is exactly what the nazir is trying to avoid. Imagine a college student, who makes a vow against alcohol, how much of the mad drunken parties he will be saving himself from.

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related judaism.stackexchange.com/a/17294/759 – Double AA May 20 '13 at 8:32

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