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Who knows three hundred sixteen?

?שישה עשר ושלוש מאות - מי יודע

In the spirit of the song "Echad - mi yodeya", please post interesting and significant Jewish facts about the number 316.

And ... there is that lazy gematria available here, but let's not go there.

Check out for the previous three hundred fifteen entries in this ongoing series.

Please include sources for your information wherever possible, as with all other answers on this site.

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Is that a pun on אותו? –  Double AA May 9 '13 at 18:49
    
@DoubleAA, that's one of two intended puns. –  Isaac Moses May 9 '13 at 19:08
    
ahh HaIsh == 316 –  Double AA May 9 '13 at 19:17
    
316 is an anagram for 613 the number of mitzvos :) –  Ariel May 9 '13 at 19:29
    
@DoubleAA, I hadn't thought of "ha-ish." There are two simple gematriot alluded to. –  Isaac Moses May 9 '13 at 19:30
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2 Answers

up vote 4 down vote accepted

Three hundred sixteen were the recorded disagreements between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai.

-- Jewish Encyclopedia

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The Aruch used the Peirish of Rabbenu Chananel 316 times for Mesechtas Shabbos

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Why is this significant? –  Double AA May 9 '13 at 20:17
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@DoubleAA, the community has IME traditionally allowed less obviously significant answers in the mi-yodeya-series than for other questions. –  msh210 May 10 '13 at 4:44
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@msh210, Allowed, yes. However, This question explicitly asks for "interesting and significant," so it makes sense to challenge answerers to explain how their answers fulfill that standard. There may be a significance here that is not currently clear in the answer. –  Isaac Moses May 10 '13 at 14:27
    
@Issac Moses: Unfortunately it is very difficult or quiet impossible to have interesting and significant Jewish facts about each number. Sometimes you got to do with whatever there is. –  Gershon Gold May 10 '13 at 14:48
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@GershonGold yaga'ti umatzati ;^P –  Isaac Moses May 28 '13 at 5:32
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