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There is a story that Josiah discovers scriptures. What scriptures did he discover?

  1. Was it a Torah scroll?
  2. Which book of Torah was it, or was it all of them?
  3. Was it the last copy?
  4. If it wasn't the last copy and many other Jews also keep their copies, what's so significant with what Josiah found anyway?
  5. If it wasn't the last copy, how had so many things been forgotten?
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Actually is it yosiah or hezekiah (or whoever their real names are). I forget. Sorry. –  Jim Thio May 5 '13 at 5:03
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It's Josiah, not Hezekiah. Unless there's some episode with Hezekiah I'm unaware of. –  msh210 May 5 '13 at 6:03
    
This question would be better if it weren't clearly a polemic. –  Shmuel Apr 14 at 5:58
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1 Answer

I think you are referring to the (re)discovery of the Torah scroll by Chilkiyahu the High Priest in the time of Yoshiyahu (Josiah?) (mentioned in Kings II chap. 22, and Chronicles II chap. 34), in the course of renovations to the Temple. (If I'm mistaken, please cite a source).

You are quite correct that there were many copies of the Torah. This particular scroll was unique because it was written by Moses' hand (see Chronicles) -- the one in which Moses recorded the Torah as it was dictated to him by Hashem.

Yoshiyau tore his clothes in fear on hearing about it, because it was opened to the section in Deuteronomy of the punishments, particularly 28:36 - "Hashem will lead you and the king which you will set over you to a nation which neither you or your forefathers know" (free translation) (see Yoma 52b).

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Why is this downvoted –  user2709 May 4 '13 at 23:01
    
i'm not sure. ideological opposition? yes, it is Chilkiyahu, rather than Chizkiyahu. –  josh waxman May 5 '13 at 1:15
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Your last sentence is simply not true. For example, note how Be'or is spelled in this Torah and then go check what it looks like in your shul's Torah. –  Double AA May 5 '13 at 1:23
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See here for a list of differences between Yemenite scrolls and Ashkenazik/Sefardic scrolls: saad.org.il/elihu/nusah.html –  Menachem May 5 '13 at 1:41
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@DoubleAA I stand corrected, and have revised appropriately. The point regarding the remarkable commonality of all the sifrei Torah in the world is still valid (some 20-odd differences, all מלא/חסר or larger/smaller letters), but it may not be germane to the question. –  Zev Spitz May 5 '13 at 6:51
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