I have seen the phrase Rehovot HaNahar (wideness of the river) used, often in a kabbalistic context, but am not sure what it symbolizes. The phrase can be found in the shabbos song Kel Mistater (the hidden God). Can someone please explain what exactly this concept means or represents?
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In Likutei Torah (Shir Hashirim 39B), the Baal HaTanya equates Rechovot HaNahar with Binah (emphasis mine):
There, the Baal HaTanya compares Chochmah to a wellspring, and Binah to the river that flows and expands from that wellspring.
In Chassidic/Kabalistic thought, Chochmah represents the kernel of an idea, and Binah represents the expansion of that idea.
The phrase comes from Genesis 36:37. In listing the Edomite kings who reigned before there was a king in Israel, the Torah names Shaul as the sixth king, and tells us that he was from רחובות הנהר. I am led to believe that there are many references to this in the kabbalistic literature, which looks upon these kings as representative of phenomena that preceded the creation of the world. For one example of such a text, you can see this page from Etz Chayim, which equates Shaul with the sefirah of Yesod.