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IS there halachic basis for using other names of Hashem (instead of Ado..) in davenning and brachos, if one chooses?

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Could you please be more specific with this question? Are you thinking about some names in particular? What part of davening? Why might someone choose to do this? – Daniel Apr 16 '13 at 13:11
@Daniel: I have heard a (conservative) woman use יה instead of אדני to avoid using a masculine word. (Oh, and don't print this page!) – Adám Aug 4 '13 at 18:15

Yes, there is plenty. The Shulchan Aruch rules (OC 187:1) that if one says רחמנא (the merciful One) as God's name in bentching he has fulfilled his obligation. Later, in OC 214 when discussing the requirement to have God's name in a blessing, the Mishna Berura notes that any of God's 7 names which cannot be erased (see Rambam Yesodei haTorah 6:2) are certainly no worse than רחמנא and would work as well. All this is of course to some extent bedieved as we try not to adjust the language of our fixed prayers unnecessarily.

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I can't imagine this situation ever coming up bedieved. – Daniel Apr 16 '13 at 15:49
@Daniel In general, I've learned never to say that :) For this case, perhaps it might come up if someone skips Adonay but says Eloheinu. It's also relevant when saying prayer/blessings in a language other than Hebrew. – Double AA Apr 16 '13 at 15:56
@Daniel The Leshem actually brings a segula in his Shearim to say the Amidah with Ehy-eh in place of Ado-nai. So... I can see it being done under certain circumstances. – Rabbi Michael Tzadok Apr 16 '13 at 16:04
@DoubleAA, fair point. Probably nobody would accidentally say "Rachmana", though. – Daniel Apr 16 '13 at 16:05
@RabbiMichaelTzadok, that's not bedieved then. – Daniel Apr 16 '13 at 16:06

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