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What is the reason that we make a blessing on fruit trees which are about to blossom, known as birkat hailanot? Is there something unique about the potential blossoming of fruit trees versus any other natural phenomenon, which by and large we do not make blessings on, that necessitates a blessing?

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Related (that this blessing is specific to blooming fruit trees): judaism.stackexchange.com/q/14273/472 – Monica Cellio Apr 8 '13 at 14:46
To thank God for the beauties he created? – Double AA Apr 8 '13 at 16:19
@DoubleAA as opposed to all the other stuff? – user2110 Apr 8 '13 at 16:31
nikmasi, if that (your comment) is part of your motivation in asking (i.e., you really meant to ask "God made lots of pretty stuff; why do we make a blessing only about...?"), then I suggest you edit it into your question. Otherwise, you may well get an answer that looks just like @DoubleAA's comment above. – msh210 Apr 8 '13 at 16:48
@msh210 thanks, that's a much more helpful way of conveying that message. – user2110 Apr 8 '13 at 17:57

The Kabala discusses the mystical reasons behind Birkat Hailanot. The Chida writes that there are different neshamot that might be locked up in the trees and by making the bracha we release them.

This is consistent with the idea that we make the bracha in Nissan and on fruit trees (because freeing up the neshamot is a parallel to the blossoming of the fruit).

See here and here.

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Neshamot get locked up in fruit trees, but not carnations or zinnias? – Double AA Jan 19 at 18:55
@DoubleAA who am I to explain the Chida? But I know that הָֽאָדָם֙ עֵ֣ץ הַשָּׂדֶ֔ה (Man is a tree of the field) – mbloch Jan 19 at 19:34

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