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Why does the Kallah wear a veil under the Chupah?

(and why is it generally transparent?)

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up vote 6 down vote accepted

Firstly, because it's traditional, going back to the Bible. Rebecca wore a veil for her marriage, as did presumably Rachel/Leah.

I think the transparency is just a matter of modern convenience, so she can better see where she's going. Assuming the groom put the veil on her, and her whereabouts are known from that point (bedeken) until the chupah ceremony, we can assume it's the same woman.

The groom's act of placing a veil upon his bride is a very old, strong custom (I think Rosh?). One reason is to avoid Rachel/Leah switcheroos (see above). I think I've also heard that according to one Rishon (Tosafot - Yuma 13B - D"H "לחדא אמר לה על מנת שאכנס כו'"), the bedeken actually serves as nisuin; and/or that it symbolizes his obligation to clothe her.

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Love the word- switcheroo! – Hacham Gabriel Dec 28 '11 at 3:25

Many have to custom to specifically use a thick, opaque veil, so that one can not see the bride's face. (See Nitei Gavriel Nisuin I, Chapter 13, halacha 9).

This veil is placed prior to the Chuppah, and is then worn until after the Chuppah. (see footnote 14 and here). One of the reasons given is so that the bride not see the ring she is being betrothed with, lest she mistakenly under or overestimate its value, causing the "transaction" to be based on an erroneous assumption - from here. - See Remah Even HaEzer 31:2

The She'erit Yaakov and Shulchan Ha'Ezer (quoted in footnote 14 of the Nitei Gavriel) say that one should not see the face of the bride during the wedding ceremony.

An esoteric reason for covering the bride's face with an opaque veil is given here. There, it is explained that just as the holiness radiating off Moshe's face after he descended Har Sinai required him to cover his face with a veil, the holiness that is radiated off the brides face during the ceremony needs to be covered as well.

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Re "one should not see the face of the bride during the wedding ceremony", I seem to recall that not gazing upon (different from not seeing) her face during the wedding is in halacha (Shulchan Aruch, IIRC). I could well be wrong, though. – msh210 Jun 24 '12 at 23:15
@msh210 EH 65:2 – Double AA Jun 24 '12 at 23:23
@DoubleAA, yep, many thanks. And here's a link to it. – msh210 Jun 24 '12 at 23:25
@DoubleAA `@msh210 although that seems to be speaking about during Simchat Chatan V'Kallah, not the Chupah (although it is not necessarily precluding the Chupah) – Menachem Jun 24 '12 at 23:41

upon receiving a gift that one truly longed for, the gorgeous wrapping on the outside makes it even more desirable.

as we learn from hagada gd implaced all the precious gems upon hava before bringing her forth to adam.

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My own conjecture here is that it is worn for modesty reasons based on Rashi to Shemos 26:9:

אל מול פני האהל: חצי רחבה היה תלוי וכפול על המסך שבמזרח כנגד הפתח, דומה לכלה צנועה המכוסה בצעיף על פניה:

before the front of the tent: Half its width [of the sixth curtain] was hanging and folded over the screen on the east[ern side of the Mishkan], before the entrance, resembling a modest bride whose face is covered with a veil.

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