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Back then was a 9 year old and 1 day boy allowed to do yebam to his dead brothers wife?

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Yes. However, it's not considered "real" yibbum; any relations that they have until he reaches the age of majority (13 years old) don't change that status. (So if they don't have relations after he reaches that age, then dissolving this marriage requires both a get and chalitzah. On the other hand, if they are intimate after he reaches age 13, then the yibbum fully takes effect, and only a get is needed to end it.)

(Shulchan Aruch, Even HaEzer 167:2. Rambam, Laws of Yibbum and Chalitzah 1:16, seems to say that in the first case only chalitzah is needed.)

Thanks to @DoubleAA for pointing out my mistake in the previous version of this answer.

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If I'm not mistaken, if there was a huge age gap, they would generally recommend chalitza anyhow ... – Shalom Aug 27 '10 at 17:48
I thought a katan can't give a get. – Double AA Feb 2 '12 at 7:21
@DoubleAA, you're right - Even HaEzer 167:5 it indeed says that "a minor's get is not a get" (and in 43:1 it says that his kiddushin are of no consequence halachically and therefore no get is needed). Hm, then, that raises the question: in what situation could she theoretically be allowed to marry anyone else? If he dies, she'd anyway need chalitzah because of her "marriage" to him (assuming, as I would expect, that they were indeed childless - unless perhaps it is possible for him to father children while still a minor? Though the discussion in Sanhedrin 69a-b seems to go against that.) – Alex Feb 2 '12 at 16:34
@Alex Maybe she's just stuck untill he grows up. – Double AA Feb 2 '12 at 16:46

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