This is perhaps a fairly specific question, and I don't know if it belongs here or on the History stack exchange, but I would like to know more about the Rhineland academies that were headed by people like R' Yehudah ben Natan and R' Meir ben Shmuel in the 11th century, through to people like R' Moshe of Evreux and R' Eliezer of Touques in the 13th. Those schools were responsible for producing tosafot on the Babylonian Talmud: complex analyses that served to make the text an exceedingly complicated yet a consistent and self-referential system. In those academies, were students expected to have an understanding of maths or of science? Of botany? Biology? Astronomy?
If they were, where did they acquire that information? Did Jewish schools in Ashkenaz at the time provide what we today would term a "secular" scientific and mathematical education? Is there any textual evidence that confirms that the Baalei haTosafot even had a comprehension of such things, beyond what can be gleaned from the Talmudic text itself?