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I recall learning, but am unsure of the source, that a couple who has been married for 10 years but has no children either should get divorced. What is the source and reason for this? Is it an obligation or just recommended as a praiseworthy thing? Does it matter if the husband already fulfilled the mitzvah of being fruitful and multiplying?

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The saddest Halachah ever deserves reference to the saddest Gemara ever. –  Seth J Mar 4 '13 at 21:11
Related: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/35423 –  msh210 Feb 11 at 16:01

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The Rama (EH 1:3) writes that nowadays we are not accustomed to force people to get divorced over this issue. The Bet Shemuel there adds that in such a case the husband may divorce his wife against her will if he chooses to, without worrying about the Cherem of Rabbeinu Gershom.

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I heard (sorry, no sources), that going to Eretz Yisrael is a segulah for children. So a couple who has not gone there does not need to divorce because "they have not tried everything". –  Ariel Mar 4 '13 at 21:21

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