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No matter where you live, walled city or not, there is no Tahanun or LaMenatzeah on either day, you aren't allowed to fast on either day, and you can even fulfill Matanoth LaEvyonim on either day (according to some opinions, and subject to certain restrictions).

Clearly, both days are significant days to all of Klal Yisrael. Why, then, don't we all say 'Al HaNisim on both days?

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BTW the custom in Sura and Pumbedita was to say Tachanun on both days of Purim. –  Double AA Feb 25 '13 at 23:53
    
Is that also from the Biur HaGR"A? –  Seth J Feb 26 '13 at 0:33
    
No. Beit Yosef there quoting Amram Gaon. –  Double AA Feb 26 '13 at 0:35
    
I need to get a full Tur one of these days. –  Seth J Feb 26 '13 at 0:37
    
Saying Al HaNisim is also a dispute in the Mishnah Brurah (I don't have time to find it now, but it's in the laws of Purim). –  b a Feb 26 '13 at 1:55
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The Gra (Beiur HaGra OC 693:2) explains that the only significance the 15th of Adar has to a resident of an unwalled city or the 14th of Adar has to a resident of a walled city, is that of a prohibition on fasting and eulogizing deriving from Megillat Ta'anit. The day is not a special holiday deserving of special liturgical mention.

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Ok. Impressive find. –  Seth J Feb 26 '13 at 0:25
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The Bais Yosef 693 brings the אורחות חיים that it is assur to Lein and say al hanisim on the 15. The Bais Yosef does not know why it is assur to say al hanisim.The Bach however says it is pashut and one would have to go back and repeat.

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There is an interesting Rivevos Ephraim 185:14 on that Bais Yosef. –  sam Feb 26 '13 at 1:16
    
Chelek 2 of the Rivevos. –  sam Feb 26 '13 at 2:30
    
How does this answer the question? I didn't post this for that reason. –  Double AA Feb 26 '13 at 2:50
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Incidentally we lained this morning. –  Double AA Feb 26 '13 at 2:51
    
The laining of Purim I meant,the Bach answers the q. –  sam Feb 26 '13 at 2:53
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