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Which major gedolim, especially at the times at which the events occurred, but in general too, have said Hallel for Yom Haatzmaut and Yom Yerushalyim?

The definition of a major gadol is, of course, highly subjective, and left up to the answerer.

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Related: judaism.stackexchange.com/q/1512 – msh210 Feb 4 '13 at 0:15
This link suggests that R' Y.D. Soloveitchik was only opposed to reciting hallel with a b'racha. I heard from a talmid of his that R' Soloveitchik would face the wall and b'davka cover himself with a tallis so completely that nobody could figure out what he was doing. – Fred Feb 4 '13 at 0:50
From here: "Gedolim like Rav Meshulem Roth (Teshuvot Kol Mevaser 21) say Hallel with a Bracha, and others like Rav Ovadia Yosef (Teshuvot Yabia Omer 6:O.C. 41), Rav Aharon Soloveitchik (Gesher, Yeshiva University, 1969), and Rav Yitzchak Herzog (cited in Teshuvot Yabia Omer 6: O.C. 42) say only Half-Hallel." – Fred Feb 4 '13 at 1:09
According to R' Binyamin Tabori, the Rav was once so enraged when a Talmid said Hallel with a Berachah on Yom Ha'Atzmaut in defiance of his specific Psak, that he walked into Shi'ur that day and said, "Until now I've thought Hallel on Yom Ha'Atzmaut was a Reshus. Now I think it's Asur 'Al Pi Din!" – Seth J Feb 4 '13 at 3:10
Well have I got the blog post for you: hirhurim.blogspot.com/2007/04/hallel-on-yom-ha-atzmaut.html – Double AA Feb 4 '13 at 5:52
up vote 5 down vote accepted

Rabbi Eli'ezer Melamed rules in Peninei Halachah that one must say Halel.

He says elsewhere that Rabbi Shlomoh Goren (and Rabbi Gershoni, quoted in the footnote) ruled to say it with a blessing, and this is how Rabbi Tzvi Yehudah Kook acted. He also quotes Rabbi Meshulam Rata (Kol Mevaser 1:21) to say it with a blessing. Rabbi Sharki (quoted in Sidur Beis Meluchah), Shu"t Netzer Mata'ai (36), and Rabbi Ch. D. HaLevi (Das HaMedinah p. 82) ruled to say it with a blessing. Rabbi Y. L. HaKohen Maimon ruled likewise in his own synagogue.

However, he quotes Rabbi Ovadyah Heda'yah and Rabbi Ovadyah Yosef (Yabia Omer Orach Chayim 6:41) who ruled to say it without a blessing. Rabbi Yosef Mashash (Otzar HaMichtavim 3:1769) ruled to say it with a blessing; however, he says that when Rabbi Mashash heard Rabbi Yosef's ruling, he ruled that someone who had the practice already not to bless should not bless (Shemesh UMagen 3:63,66). Rabbi Sha'ul Yisra'eli ruled not to bless. This is also the opinion of Rabbi Avraham Shapira and Rabbi Mordechai Eliyahu (quoted in HaRabbanus HaRei'shis vol. 1 pp. 901-903).

Rabbi Ushpiza'i, Rabbi Hertzog, Rabbi Uzi'el (brought in HaRabbanus HaRei'shis vol. 2 p. 841), Rabbi S. Y. Zevin (quoted there p. 890 note 6), and "HaRav HaNazir" (quoted by his son) all say that when Israel was first created they should have ruled to say Halel with a blessing; but since they didn't, we can no longer say it with a blessing.

After I searched a little bit, I came up with these other sources not quoted by Rabbi Melamed:

Rabbi Yehudah Herzl Henkin (Bnei Vanim 1:16 and vol. 2 p. 210 in the addendum about his father) quotes his father Rabbi Yosef Eliyahu Henkin who said not to say Halel at all, but said not to stop those who did say it because they have on whom to rely.

The Minchas Yitzchak (10:10) is against saying Halel on "ימי חגם אשר בדו מלבם."

The Lubavitcher Rebbi (Igros Kodesh 9573) also says not to say it.

Rabbi Soloveitchik (quoted in Nefesh HaRav p. 97 quoted on this website) ruled to say it without a blessing. Though Fred quotes a student of his who said he would cover himself so no one could figure out what he was doing.

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Nice answer, very comprehensive. As a minor point, I thought I read that in Mercaz HaRav they don't make a bracha... maybe I misunderstood? It seems unlikely to me that R' Kook z"l would have conducted himself differently from the yeshiva. – yoel Feb 4 '13 at 5:08
It sounds to me more like Rav Ovadiah Yosef is saying, if you say hallel to say without a bracha. I'm not so sure (at least from that teshuva) that he says it himself. – Double AA Feb 4 '13 at 5:14
@yoel It seems pretty clear at least from the source I quoted: "על פי זה הנהיג מו"ר הרב צבי יהודה הכהן קוק זצ"ל, לומר הלל בברכה בישיבת 'מרכז הרב', וכן נוהגים כל תלמידיו." DoubleAA Since Rabbi Melamed quoted Rabbi Ovadyah Yosef's opinion with the conjunction "וכן" after an opinion that clearly means to say it without a blessing, it seems that he is quoting Rabbi Yosef as saying the same thing. However, I don't have the tshuvah in front of me right now. – b a Feb 4 '13 at 5:27
To clarify about R' Soloveitchik, your cited source actually says: "R. Soloveitchik (Nefesh Ha-Rav, pg. 97)... objected to reciting Hallel, as he objected to any other change of the liturgy. He sanctioned, however, reciting half-Hallel, without a blessing, at the end of Shacharit, as this does not constitute a major change in the liturgy." So the source does not say he ruled that one should say it but rather that one could say it (after the end of Shacharis). – Fred Feb 4 '13 at 5:51
@Fred The site you quoted in your comment to the answer said he "endorsed" saying it (I don't have Nefesh HaRav in front of me right now to check). – b a Feb 4 '13 at 6:21

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