Take the 2-minute tour ×
Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. It's 100% free, no registration required.

Who knows sixty-nine?

Please cite/link your sources, if possible. At some point in the next few days, I will:

  • Upvote all interesting answers.

  • Accept the best answer.

  • Go on to the next number.

share|improve this question
add comment

4 Answers

up vote 3 down vote accepted

The minimum number of dayanim at their posts in Yrushalayim at the time of the bais din hagadol.

23 at the entrance to the Har haBayis, 23 at the entrance to the Azara, the Lishkas haGazis's bais din had 71, but they didn't need to be there all the time. They could clock out if necessary, but at least 23 dayanim had to remain (San. 37a) (The set up is in San. 86b)

share|improve this answer
add comment

69 are the Shemittah and Yovel years that the Jewish People failed to observe during the period from their entry into Eretz Yisrael until the destruction of the first Beis Hamikdash. Correspondingly, they were sentenced to 69 years of exile, plus one more for the unfinished Shemittah cycle in which the Destruction itself took place (and which they would have violated too, if not for G-d moving up that event by two years in order to spare the Jewish People total destruction, G-d forbid).

(Rashi to Ez. 4:6)

share|improve this answer
add comment

69 is ס"ט. Contrary to a common misconception, this has nothing to do with "pure Sephardi" or "mud and dirt" or anything like that. It stands for סופו טוב (or an Aramaic version thereof), "may he come to a good end"; it's used by some Sephardic scholars folowing a living person's name as a blessing, much as Ashkenazim use "shlita."

share|improve this answer
    
Does the term ספרדי טהור exist? (I'm thinking by analogy to עליו השלום, which does exist but is not the exclusive meaning of ע"ה, since it apparently started out as the abbreviation for עבד השם.) –  WAF Aug 1 '10 at 2:50
    
WAF, your question could be its own Question. –  Isaac Moses Aug 2 '10 at 17:42
add comment

A minor sanhedrin (23 in a town of 120) has 69 chachamim on deck (3 rows of 23).

If there was a 1 person majority to indict for a death penalty (you need 2) or if 1 of the dayanim did not know how to rule, we add 2 of the standbys (you can't have an even number on the B.D.) If this continues (e.g. the standbys split/don't know) you keep adding 2 until the bais din hits 71. (San. 37a) Really 48 would be enough, but the derech eretz was to have rows not bigger and not smaller than the actual bais din.

share|improve this answer
add comment

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.