As in the time of milchemes Ay, Hashem stopped the sun for 36 hours . Where else in Tanach did it happen? I need more then one.
The verse immediately following Joshua's miracle states:
So it would seem it didn't happen any other time.
That said, the Talmud (Avoda Zara 25a) discusses two other times the sun stood still: once for Nakdimon ben Gurion (see Taanit 19b) and once for Moshe. Rashi in Avoda Zara understands this to be referring to the sun standing still during Moshe's battle with Sichon. Devarim Rabbah (to Parashat Va'etchannan) says that the sun stood still for Moshe on 5 occasions: the day of the Exodus, of the Splitting of the Sea, of the war with Amalek, of the Revelation at Mount Sinai, and of the crossing of the Arnon Valley.
It's worth noting that Ralbag in his commentary to Joshua (10:12) rejects that the sun stood still for Moshe, becuase that would be so great a miracle that the Torah, which is meant to inspire us, would certainly have told us about it. (More interestingly, he then rejects that the sun stood still for Joshua because that would make Joshua a greater prophet than Moshe. So he explains the verse to mean that the battle finished extremely quickly before the sun and moon made it to Givon and Emek Ayalon respectively.)
Immanuel Velikovsky is well known for writing on this topic, in his book Worlds in Collision. Velikovsky argues the position that described phenomenon, like the sun stopping, were astronomical realities.
I welcome more authoritative sources and references for Velikovsky.
References like this, I think, are not those for which @Curious is looking:
I continue to look for work that can fill out this answer.