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I am familiar with the idea of a yahrzeit candle.

I have observed a custom of keeping a flame alight for the whole year (or maybe 11 months) after the death of a close relative. (When one goes out, they light another one). What is the source for that?

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related judaism.stackexchange.com/q/13500/759 – Double AA Nov 11 '12 at 17:08

Nitei Gavriel Hilcho Aveilus-2 65:4 brings down this Minhag in the name of the Ruach Chaim 367 and others.

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who is ruach chaim? Is it R. Chaim Palagi? – mevaqesh Jul 26 '15 at 5:32
@mevaqesh Apparently. Check out the link that was added to this post – Shokhet Jul 27 '15 at 13:45

In Double AA's related question, there is a source for keeping a flame alight for the whole year. It is this Chabad reference.

Rough translation "It is customary to light a candle for the deceased and for the soul at home, after the death to the end of the shiva, and on the yahrzeit.The custom of Chabad is to light the whole year, until after the Yahrzeit. In previous generations they used to light a candle for the whole twelve months in the synagogue."

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This implies DAILY lighting a candle, not necessarily lighting candles continuously for a whole year. In the synagogue, they explicitly light the candle on the lectern for the Ba'al Tefillah right before davening. From your quote it may be implied that the mourner is given this privilege (of lighting the candle) until the first yahrzeit. – Isaac Kotlicky Jul 27 '15 at 17:27

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