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I'm sure I've missed something quite obvious here, but I've always been told that adonai is "my Lord", and so I always assumed that it was adon with 'my' stuck to it. But, that would be adoni, with a hireq yod pronominal suffix, like in Gen 23 where the Hittites and then Efron address Avraham. Or, if it is 'adonai' as a type 2 pronominal suffix, it would be a pathach yod, and not the qamets yod we see in the text like in Gen 15:2 where Avram addresses God. What have I missed?

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related judaism.stackexchange.com/q/15124/759 – Double AA Oct 31 '12 at 15:29

chirik - adoni - "my [human] master"

patach - adonai - "my [human] masters"

komotz - adonoi - "my Lord-of-all-things" = God . Its own special grammatical construction specifically used for the name of God.

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How are #2 and #3 different (in grammar)? – Shmuel Brin Nov 1 '12 at 3:14
@ShmuelBrin I don't think a kamatz-yud suffix is a thing anywhere else. – Double AA Nov 1 '12 at 15:10

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