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Some Christians believe in and live according to the Noachide Laws. According to Judaism, doesn't this qualify them for heaven? I know blasphemy is in that list, but Christians Genuinely believe that Jesus is the messiah.

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Sincerity of belief isn't really relevant; followers of Baal were presumably sincere too. –  Monica Cellio Sep 30 '12 at 22:34
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How does a belief in Jesus ensure against committing blasphemy? –  Seth J Oct 4 '12 at 4:05

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Blasphemy is not the problem — it refers to cursing G-d with His name (Rambam, Melachim 9:3). The problem is idolatry, and the consensus is that Christianity is idolatry. However, the Rambam writes elsewhere (I can't find it right now) that a non-Jew only receives reward for doing the things he is commanded in if he does them because G-d commanded them; if he does them for a different reason — that they seem to be good things to do, even if G-d didn't command them — he isn't rewarded for that.

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Isn't Christianity a Shituf not regular idolatry? And Shituf is permitted for non-jews. (Shituf means combination, believing in God plus an extra power.) –  Ariel Oct 3 '12 at 1:34
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@Ariel See the link to the question I gave in my answer –  b a Oct 3 '12 at 3:15
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@CharlesKoppelman While Alex's answer is certainly correct, what I meant was that the decision that it seems has been accepted by modern authorities is that it's prohibited for non-Jews — see the comments to that answer and the second answer; and that even the Rama holds (acc. to the Noda BiYehudah) that shituf is forbidden (the Meiri would consequently be a lone opinion) –  b a Oct 3 '12 at 4:07
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@CharlesKoppelman The fact is that modern authorities (as quoted in that answer) do hold that. If you're wondering if/why business within 3 days of Sunday is permissible, you can ask a question, but it's a separate discussion –  b a Oct 3 '12 at 4:16
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ba You misunderstood the Noda Biyuhuda. He doesn't say the Rama held Christianity to be Avodah Zarah. He proves that the Rama misread Tosfot and was wrong for thinking an exception applied to non-Jews. Everyone since then has been similarly convinced that the Rama got it wrong and Christianity is actually AZ. It's basically the Meiri and Rama vs the Talmud, all other Rishonim and Logic. –  Double AA Mar 17 at 21:01

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