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When one blows Shofar on Rosh HaShana, how much time is the Tekia supposed to take in order to be Yotzei the Mitzva?

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up vote 9 down vote accepted
  • As long as the Shevarim-Teruah in TaShRa"T
  • As long as the Shevarim in TaSha"T
  • As long as the Teruah in TaRa"T

Source Shulchan Aruch HaRav 590:7


As to how long the Shevarim and the Teruah have to be, it depends on the definition of the Teruah. It is 3 Yevavot (not quite sure how to translate that, see Talmud Rosh Hashanah 33B), and according to some opinions a Yevava is 1 staccato blast, and according to others it is 3 staccato blasts.

A Shevarim need to last as long as a Teruah.

Therefore, according to the first opinion:

  • Tekiah as long as the Shevarim-Teruah in TaShRa"T == the length of 6 short blasts
  • Tekiah as long as the Shevarim in TaSha"T == the length of 3 short blasts
  • Tekiah as long as the Teruah in TaRa"T == the length of 3 short blasts

According to the second opinion:

  • Tekiah as long as the Shevarim-Teruah in TaShRa"T == the length of 18 short blasts
  • Tekiah as long as the Shevarim in TaSha"T == the length of 9 short blasts
  • Tekiah as long as the Teruah in TaRa"T == the length of 9 short blasts

Source: Shulchan Aruch HaRav 590:4-6


LeHalacha, The Shulchan Aruch HaRav (590:7) says that one should LeChatchila follow the second opinion. Bedieved he fulfills his obligation if he followed the first opinion. If he mixed up the two opinions in such a way that he would not have fulfilled it according to either of the two opinions he must redo it.

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