In the times of the Bais Hamikdash, were judges appointed by the king, or were they elected by the people? And was the system different based on which size court (i.e., courts comprised of 3, 23, or 71 judges)?
- Anybody can ask a question
- Anybody can answer
- The best answers are voted up and rise to the top
From Rambam, Hilchos Sanhedrin Ch. 2 (Chabad.org) it appears that, for the most part, the appointment of judges was the responsibility of the Supreme Sanhedrin:
It seems that judges could also be appointed by kings, and afterward, exilarchs. Ch.3
Chapter 5 (Halacha 1) implies that the king's power of appointment was limited to courts of 3:
According to the Jewish Virtual Library: