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People often talk about an obligation -- Chiyuv -- to recite Kaddish at every opportunity for some time after the death of a relative. (Which relatives are obligated and for how long does not seem particularly relevant to this discussion, though if you feel it is please include that in your answer.)

The obligation to attend a minyan ordinarily for prayers is quantified by the time one must travel to attend: 18 minutes (1 mil) out of one's way or 72 minutes (4 mil) in a direction one is already traveling anyway. (Shulchan Aruch OC 90:16) (How to best convert between mil and minutes is also not particularly relevant to this discussion.)

Does anyone quantify the obligation to recite Kaddish? Must one go further out of one's way to attend a minyan in order to recite Kaddish than one would have had to otherwise, and if so by how much? Is there some other metric to use?

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Saying kaddish is not a Chiyuv - an obligation. It's merely one more way for a descendant to do a Mitzva - and thereby benefit the Niftar. The list of Chiyuvim is really a list of who gets preference to execute this Mitzva. That may explain why your queries are seemingly ignored by classical halachic works. –  Danny Schoemann Aug 9 '12 at 8:46
@DannySchoemann A sweeping yet sourceless statement. Have you considered that it might be a Kiyum in Kibbud Av/Em? –  Double AA Aug 9 '12 at 11:48
@DoubleAA well since you didn't provide a source to say it's a Hiyuv... –  Hacham Gabriel Feb 15 '13 at 15:51

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