Why in Birchas Hamazon do we say "Eretz chemdah tovah" before we thank Hashem for taking us out of Mitzrayim (i.e. before "Val shehotzesanu meeretz mitzrayim")? Didn't we leave Egypt before we got the land?
Clearly the order is not chronological:
I'm not sure what the intended order is, have to check some commentaries.
But most likely we start by thanking Hashem for the land because a.) the verse in the Torah says "bless Hashem for the land" b.) this blessing was composed by Joshua upon entering the land.
Then once we're saying "thank you for the land", we add in these other thanks.
Someone please remind me again what the Talmud's list of things you need to mention are? Land, covenant ...? And what's the ordering given there?
There is a Targum Yonsan Ben Uziel on the Posuk "AND I WILL PLACE YOU ON EAGLES WINGS" (Shemos 19:4) there he says the night of the first Pesach we where in Israel and only then did we go to leave Egypt so the Order in Bentching is Correct.