This comment, and the ensuing thread, quoted below, reminded me of a question that I thought of a long time ago. What, exactly, is buried in Qumran? Were the items there actually used and put there for safekeeping, or were they scribal errors that were placed there out of reverence but ultimately incorrectly written/copied texts?
Bottom line: Can we look at them, and any deviations found in them from our own texts, as proof that our texts are mistaken, or were these texts put there so that people would specifically not do that, in order to preserve the correct Mesorah (which we have today)?
I heard recently that R"T's order is not something that was not something that he made up; rather, there is a mesorah for it. Archaeological evidence has been found in the Qumran caves of the Dead Sea Scrolls. – Adam Mosheh Dec 30 '11 at 5:39
I think I read in Ben Ish Hai that they found Tefilin buried next to Yehezkel's grave and I think he said they are Rabenu Taam's... – Hacham Gabriel Dec 30 '11 at 5:57
@HachamGabriel, interesting. – Adam Mosheh Dec 30 '11 at 6:19
@HachamGabriel In the end of the first Bach in Siman 34 the Bach quotes a Smag and Mordechai saying that it was Rashi tfillin buried there. Some say that it was because Rashis are pasul and that's why they were buried there. The Bach says that it couldn't be for that reason as one could just change the order of the parshios and doesn't have to bury them. – Shmuel Brin Mar 2 at 18:43
@ShmuelBrill see Levush 34 – Hacham Gabriel Mar 2 at 22:58