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Can I assume that every creation in this world was first manifested in the world during the first six days of the Genesis, which therefore includes color? So was color (the spectrum of hues and shades, etc.) a phenomenon that was created during Ma'aseh Bereishit, or not until the rainbow in Noach's generation (by the flood)?

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Is the hava amina that everything was black and white? –  Double AA Jun 11 '12 at 22:20
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Is there an indication that color was created in the time of No'ach? Also, what do you mean by "the spectrum of hues and shades, etc."? Is the question about the quality of objects to reflect light a given frequencies, the perception thereof, the variability thereof, something else? –  WAF Jun 11 '12 at 22:21
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Whoops, nevermind. –  yoel Jun 12 '12 at 1:04
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5 Answers 5

up vote 8 down vote accepted

Pesachim 54A says the rainbow was created on the sixth day:

Ten things were created on the eve of the Sabbath at twilight. These are they: the well, the manna, the rainbow, the writing and the writing instrument[s], the Tables, the sepulchre of Moses, the cave in which Moses and Elijah stood, the opening of the ass's mouth, and the opening of the earth's mouth to swallow up the wicked.

(Soncino translation.)

In order to have the rainbow you need color, so the answer appears to be yes.

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I think the question was if color was a creation separate from light. I don't think this proves either side of the argument. –  Ari A Jun 12 '12 at 4:22
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@AriA, hmm, that's not how I read it. I hope Adam will comment on this to clarify. –  Monica Cellio Jun 12 '12 at 12:59
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@AriA, the question seems to be clearly about chronology, and given that the closest thing to a motivation cited in the question is the Torah's mention of a rainbow in the times of Noach, this statement that puts the rainbow's creation during Creation addresses the question strongly. –  Isaac Moses Jun 12 '12 at 14:39
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Thank you very much for your answer, Ms. Cellio. –  Adam Mosheh Jun 12 '12 at 16:08
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From a scientific point of view, when light was created, it would have been created in all its wavelengths (colours.) It would be interesting to consider the idea that man was colour blind until Noach's generation, and thus they could see the rainbow for the first time.

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Whatever the argument of the creation story (that God controls that world, that there is order to the world, etc.), that argument is being made to a generation of slaves without technology. Assuming the "creation of color" is truly distinguishable from the creation of light, I don't think this it is a concept that would have been understood by the generation leaving Egypt, to whom, at least on a pshat level, the Torah was pitched.

By way of analogy (It’s not perfect, but I think it works):

I’m currently reading a book by R Natan Slifkin about reconciling Science and the Torah. In his discussion of evolution, he quotes R’ J. Hertz:

... condensed from the pages of one of the leading biologists of the age (Haeckel):-

“Monerao begat Amoeba, Amoeba begat Synomoebae, Synomoebae begat Ciliated Larva, Ciliated Larva begat Primeval Stomach Animals, Primeval Stomach Animals begat Gliding Worms, Gliding Worms begat Skull-less Animals, Skull-less Animals begat Single-nostrilled Animals, Single-nostrilled Animals begat Primeval Fish, Primeval Fish begat Mud Fish, Mud Fish begat Gilled Amphibians, Gilled Amphibians begat Tailed Amphibians, Tailed Amphibians begat Primary Mammals, Primary Mammals begat Pouched Animals, Pouched Animals begat Semi-Apes, Semi-Apes begat Tailed Apes, Tailed Apes begat Man-like Apes, Man-like Apes begat Ape-Like Men, Ape-Like Men begat Men.”

Let anyone who is disturbed by the fact that scripture does not include the latest scientific doctrine, try to imagine such information in a biblical chapter.

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I think "a world without technology" is an overstatement. –  WAF Jun 12 '12 at 3:10
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I edited it. Better? –  Ari A Jun 12 '12 at 3:21
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From various meforshim (from memory as I do not have the sources available) such as Nechama Leibowitz, Rabbi J. H. Hertz, Rabbi Wein, Rabbi Hirch.

  1. Given that the first mention of watering the garden was from the mist, it could have been that the heavy moisture in the atmosphere before the flood did not allow for a rainbow. During the flood, all the water in the atmosphere condensed leaving the atmosphere the way it is now (which allowed a rainbow to occur). Since Noach had been shut up in the ark the whole time, this was the first time that he could have seen one. Hashem then told him the meaning of the rainbow, especially tied to the fact that all the water in the atmosphere had flooded the Earth.

  2. Rainbows could have existed before, but this time it was being given a religious and symbolic meaning. Once it was given this meaning, seeing it would bring to mind what had happened and what Hashem wanted people to remember.

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This is a great synopsis of opinions of 5 Rishonim and early Acharonim answering what was different about the seemingly natural phenomenon of rainbow before the flood. Start reading here for the discussion at more length.

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Please feel free to do this answer more justice by transcribing the answers. –  gaagu Jun 11 at 17:20
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Thanks for the links. We're looking for answers that are complete on their own, rather than just pointers to answers elsewhere. Could you edit this to share the highlights at least? Otherwise this seems like more of a comment than an answer. –  Monica Cellio Jun 11 at 18:07
    
No, unfortunately I can't right now. Why is it more of a comment just because I don't translate the immediately accessible concise summary? I do want it to be improved, but I think it's minimally sufficient. –  gaagu Jun 11 at 18:30
    
Re "why?" - link-only answers are frowned upon on Stack Exchange. Links are still useful resources (hence my comment suggestion), but by themselves they're not really answers. I'm not asking you to provide everything from the link, but a short summary would really help. Which rishonim and acharonim? What, in broad strokes, did they say? –  Monica Cellio Jun 11 at 19:18
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