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Jews believe that God, while having many names, is actually one.

So the idea is that El Elyon, Elohim, El Shadai, YHWH, Adonai, El, are just names mostly referring to the same being.

Is there any verses in the Torah that makes it clear, that all those are just names of the same God, instead of names of different gods?

Shema comes close to this, but one could argue that the Shema speaks of a new god. Then there are things like YHWH telling Moshe that he used to be known by a different name and now want to be known as YHWH.

These verses are intriguing but leave me with questions. I'm looking for a verse (or several verses) that gives a really strong proof.

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Jim Thio, but Shema uses Elo/him (in a possesive form) to describe the oneness of Y/H/V/H! – YDK May 30 '12 at 14:35
Jim, consider my comment on HodofHod's answer below. – Seth J May 31 '12 at 1:52
up vote 13 down vote accepted

You mentioned this verse in passing, but as far as I can tell, it provides complete and convincing proof that G-d is known by multiple names.

Exodus 6:2-3, from Mechon Mamre:

וַיְדַבֵּר אֱלֹהִים, אֶל-מֹשֶׁה; וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו, אֲנִי יְהוָה.

וָאֵרָא, אֶל-אַבְרָהָם אֶל-יִצְחָק וְאֶל-יַעֲקֹב--בְּאֵל שַׁדָּי; וּשְׁמִי יְהוָה, לֹא נוֹדַעְתִּי לָהֶם

Translation from Chabad.org:

2. God (Elo-him) spoke to Moses, and He said to him, "I am the Lord (YHVH)
3. and I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob with [the name] Almighty God (E-l Sha-dai), but [with] My name YHWH, I did not become known to them."

This is a verse that effectively synonymizes three names: Elo-him, YHVH, and (E-l) Sha-dai.

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Yes, if this doesn't do it for you, what more do you want? – Charles Koppelman May 30 '12 at 15:10
Okay cool. That sort that out. Thanks. It's just 3 out of many names but it's a start. – Jim Thio May 30 '12 at 15:20
@JimThio, Actually it covers all the ones you mentioned, since "adonai" is not technically a name of God, and neither is "El Elyon" ("elyon" is just an adjective that modifies "El"). – jake May 30 '12 at 15:25
Oh ya, the Lord means "El". Almighty God is El Shaddai right? And then YHWH is what again? My hebrew is close to 0 here. So that handles 3. A good start. Adonai means political lord. Here God doesn't say that he's the one and only almighty super God. He only says that he's the same god that Abraham used to worship though. – Jim Thio May 30 '12 at 15:28
@Charleskoppelman Devarim 4:39 - "Know this day, and set it unto your heart, that YKVK - He is the G-d - in the heavens above and on the earth below; there is no other." – Seth J May 31 '12 at 1:49

The Ten Commandments 1 and 2 are saying there is only one. Also once one says the Torah is from Hashem then and it says Hashem Echad (Shema) then anytime Hashem is written it has to be one. A contradiction can't be made when it is written by God.

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But the question is not from the perspective of a believer. – HodofHod May 30 '12 at 15:19
Those commandments do not claim that there is only one God. It just says "Thou shalt have no other gods before Me", which one could argue actually implies that there are more than one. – jake May 30 '12 at 15:22
If one doesnt believe then whats the question you could say any explanation and it cant be disputed. However,my reasoning is based on pure logic when an author writes they have to.be consistent esp when one writes an explicit idea. – sam May 30 '12 at 15:24
This one is good enough actually. The question is not about whether God is one or not. The question is about whether from Torah alone one can reasonably conclude that the jews believe they have one God. Some, may still, however, argue that the God that speaks Ten commandments is not El Elyon (God most High) but one of his children that happen to baby sit Israel. thedivinecouncil.com/DT32BibSac.pdf – Jim Thio May 30 '12 at 15:24
+1 anyway because it's a good point and because I always give +1 to all answers unless it really messes up. – Jim Thio May 30 '12 at 15:25

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