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Who knows forty-three?

Please cite/link your sources, if possible. At some point in the next few days, I will:

  • Upvote all interesting answers.

  • Accept the best answer.

  • Go on to the next number.

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6 Answers 6

up vote 6 down vote accepted

43 are the number of words in Esther 8:9, the longest verse in Tanach.

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Note that Chazal require a Get be written "Persian style", i.e. with great verbosity. A verse like this one demonstrates it beautifully! –  Shalom May 26 '10 at 17:54
    
Where's that requirement stated? –  Alex May 26 '10 at 20:41
    
Hm; still trying to track it down. Something I remembered from a long time ago. Can anyone help me here? –  Shalom May 27 '10 at 12:46

43 are the degrees Celsius for R' Moshe Feinstein's lower threshold of yad soledes bo (Igros Moshe OC IV:74).

Yes, I can and will shamelessly switch units of measurement in search of a convenient number. No, I don't honestly think this will beat Alex's awesome answer.


43 are the thousands in the tribe of Reuben at the final census in the desert. (Numbers 26:7).

43,730 specifically. In the first census (Numbers Ch. 1), only one tribe, Gad, has a number that's not an even hundred. In this census, again only one tribe, this time it's Reuben.

Did different tribes round differently? Did only values very close to 50 (or 30?) round to that? Do we know?

Oh right, the answer to everything was yesterday.

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1) זבחים מב ב

אבל דמים הניתנין על המזבח הפנימי כגון ארבעים ושלש של יום הכיפורים

There were forty-three "sprinkling" of blood onto the inner altar on Yom Kippur.

2) The amount of פתוחות in ספר בראשית. (The amount of "paragraphs" in a Torah scroll for the Book of Genesis.)

See here: http://www.daat.ac.il/encyclopedia/value.asp?id1=2312

3) Forty-three commentaries in the standard edition of Mikraot Gedolot.

4) The amount of times the name יששכר appears in תנ"ך. (Try it here: http://www.snopi.com/ToraSearch/torasearch.asp)

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3 seems irrelevant. –  Double AA Nov 18 '13 at 16:57
2  
Not really. Not that the initials of מקראות גדולות are מ"ג which is 43. So it's most significant! :) –  Ephraim Nov 18 '13 at 17:01
    
Ephraim: lol :) –  Double AA Nov 18 '13 at 18:19

You also (גם) want an answer for 43?

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2  
גם zeh l'tova.. –  Jeremy May 26 '10 at 14:16

43 is a big number (גדול is 43).

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43 is the Gematriah of מאב (Moab).

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Moav is (almost) exclusively written plene. –  Double AA Nov 18 '13 at 17:00
    
Your comment makes no sense. מאב is Gematriah 43. So, what's your problem? –  Joshua Pearl May 11 at 16:37
    
I'm saying you are using a non-standard spelling to develop this gematria. Whatever significance it may have had is lessened by your doing so. What is the significance, again? –  Double AA May 11 at 16:39

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