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In Vayikra 19:27 the verse says לא תקפו פאת ראשכם ולא תשחית את פאת זקנך and it means both Peyos on the head yet in Vayikra 23:22 the verse says ובקצרכם את קציר ארצכם לא תכלה פאת שדך בקצרך ולקט קצירך לא תלקט לעני ולגר תעזב אתם אני יהוה אלהיכם and it means only one edge of the field. Why does Pe'as by the hair of the head mean both sides yet by a field it means only one edge?

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And in the first instance (by the beard) it means the 5 corners of the beard. It's clearly subjective by context. –  Double AA May 4 '12 at 16:58
    
To me it seems like a passed down mesora .In maakos 21 when discussing the beard and sideburns Rav Sheses pointed to the places as opposed to darshining a passuk for the 5 points. –  sam May 4 '12 at 17:04
    
I would think that the question is limited to the beard, as the head has only 1 edge that does a 360. –  YDK May 6 '12 at 4:40

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up vote 7 down vote accepted

The Sefer M'rafsin Igra V'yakel pg.199 asks this question. Rav Moshe Brim and Rav Yair Yedidya Pacha answer and explain the reasoning of the mitzvah. They explain the issur of not leaving over a corner comes from the mitzvah of leaving over for the poor. Therefore if one would leave over four little corners or one big corner there would be no difference,as long as something was left over. The issur of rounding the corners come from the issur of chukas hagoyim therefore one gets the issur if he rounds one or both of them.(see inside the sefer for another answer by Rav Moshe Landau)

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The essential answer makes sense- there is a violation for even 1 edge. I don't understand why the derivation is important. –  YDK May 6 '12 at 4:43

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