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One is not allowed to dance during the mourning days of s'firas haomer (Mishna B'rura 493:3). According to all major customs, Yom Haatzmaus (Israel's independence day) falls during the mourning days (as it's the third, fourth, fifth, or sixth of Iyar; see e.g. MB 493:14–15). Yet some orthodox synagogues and schools have programs on Yom Haatzmaus in which people are encouraged to dance.

Now, a sandek is allowed to shave in honor of the b'ris mila (MB 493:12), but AFAICT dancing is still forbidden to him.

So my first question is:

  • Are the mourning restrictions dropped completely by those who allow dancing on Yom Haatzmaus, much as they are on, e.g., lag baomer, or is it only dancing that's permitted (in honor of the day, much as shaving is permitted for a sandek in honor of the b'ris mila)?

Now, the custom is to observe mourning restrictions thirty-three days; which thirty-three days varies by custom. See e.g. MB 493:14–15. The examples he gives, though, count lag baomer as one of the thirty-three days even if mourning restrictions are not kept during its daylight hours, because mourning restrictions are kept during its evening (MB 493:10, but see :11). So if the answer to my first question is that all mourning restrictions are dropped on Yom Haatzmaus, my next questions are:

  • Are all mourning restrictions dropped from Yom Haatzmaus both evening and day?
  • Is Yom Haatzmaus, like lag baomer, counted as one of the thirty-three days with restrictions? Or do those who keep no restrictions on Yom Haatzmaus count thirty-three days of restrictions besides it?

(Of course, because of the considerations in the paragraph just above, these last two questions are of interest in light of one another.)

A sourced answer (e.g. citing a t'shuva addressing these issues) would be ideal, but an answer telling what people do generally is also of interest.

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It's funny to see it as Yom HaatzmauS. –  Double AA Apr 27 '12 at 16:29
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It's not really funny -- at least where I'm from that pronunciation would seem intentionally condescending and offensive. I assume it wasn't meant that way here, but I would strongly recommend correcting it. –  Curiouser Apr 27 '12 at 17:29
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@Curiouser, I think it's wrong and a shame for anyone to consider such a pronunciation offensive, unless it's clearly intended as such. Ideally, people observance or recognition of this holiday should be a halachic/hashkafic question that is orthogonal to their personal tradition regarding pronunciation of Hebrew in ritual and Torah study contexts. –  Isaac Moses Apr 27 '12 at 17:34
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@IsaacMoses I wish that were the case, but I think it is naive to hope for separating these issues. Most Haredi Ashkenazi rabbanim I know all pronounce it with a Tuf, despite their strong opposition to its observance. They do it out of respect for the name of the Israeli holiday, which is pronounced the way Israeli's pronounce it. This is not a case of pronouncing in "ritual or Torah study" -- it is the name of an Israeli holiday, and by mispronouncing it, I think it indicates a certain contempt for the holiday. –  Curiouser Apr 27 '12 at 17:58
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@Curiouser, Haredi Ashkenazi rabbanim who pronounce it with a tav probably do so precisely because in their view, it is, as you imply, exclusively an Israeli holiday. However, this question operates within the context of considering this a Jewish holiday, and it definitely is in the context of ritual or Torah study. –  Isaac Moses Apr 27 '12 at 18:13

1 Answer 1

In the Sefer Halachos Yom Ha'Atzmaus V'Yom Yerushalayim page 334-340 the Rishon L'Tziyon HaRav Yitzchak Nissim says that all Minhagim of Aveilus are suspended for the day.

Per Rav Shmuel Katz from the Rabanut Hareishis L'Yisroel it is permissible.

‏'יום המדינה' ה' אייר שחל בימי הספירה, שלפי דיני ישראל נוהגים בהם אבילות, יהא דינו כיום ל"ג בעומר, ולפי החלטת הרבנות הראשית יותרו כל השמחות, חגיגות נישואין תספורת וכו'‏

However Rav Ronan Nubirt says that you would be required to hold a different day of Sefira to make up for it. היוצא מכל הנ"ל, שהנוהג היתר בחגי הגאולה, יום העצמאות ויום ירושלים, לכאורה צריך להשלים אותם ימים, ואולי צריך להשלים אף את ערבי החגים הללו שבהם נהגו להתגלח לכבוד החג

This answer is applicable to those that celebrate Yom Ha'Atzmaot and want to know what sources they have that permit it.

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Thanks. Is "יהא דינו כיום ל"ג בעומר" meant to imply that the lifting of mourning restrictions is only for the daylight hours and that Yom Haatzmaus counts as one of the thirty-three restricted days? –  msh210 Apr 27 '12 at 16:17
    
...and the same question about Rabbi Nisim's ruling. –  msh210 Apr 27 '12 at 16:21
    
@msh210 I doubt it. Leil Yom Haatzmaut is when the larger dancing parties happen in Israel (mostly). The day is usually for BBQ and tiyulim with friends and family. –  Double AA Apr 27 '12 at 16:22
    
@DoubleAA, so you doubt, then, that the restrictions are lifted for the daytime only. Any idea whether Yom Haatzmaus counts as one of days of mourning, then? ¶ On another note, I'm not sure whether the quotation from the rabanus is correct. The footnote on the text quoted here reads (in part) "הרבנות הראשית חזרה בה מהיתר זה [ראה בהמשך]‏", though I don't see that particular המשך.‎ –  msh210 Apr 27 '12 at 16:27
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I don't get the point of the disclaimer at the end of this answer. This answer is not pesak and therefore not "applicable" to anyone. And it's self-evident that sources detailing the observance of Y"H are only relevant in the context of discussing the observance of Y"H. –  Isaac Moses Apr 27 '12 at 16:39

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