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The piyyut, “Yigdal”, seems to put the 13 principles of faith of the Rambam in poetic form.

With number 5, the author of Yigdal seems to have made a slightly different point to the Rambam by leaving out all reference to prayer.

Question 1: Why?

Rambam: אני מאמין באמונה שלימה שהבורא יתברך שמו לו לבדו ראוי להתפלל ואין ראוי להתפלל לזולתו

Yigdal: הינו אדון עולם לכל נוצר יורה גדלותו ומלכותו

There is a different version of the text in Yigdal, הִנּוֹ אֲדוֹן עוֹלָם וְכָל נוֹצָר יוֹרֶה גְּדֻלָּתוֹ וּמַלְכוּתוֹ where changing one letter transforms the sense of the verse.

Question 2: Is this related to the Rambam's article?

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Just note that the Rambam didn't actually write the "Ani maamin..." format either. –  jake Apr 10 '12 at 15:39

1 Answer 1

up vote 5 down vote accepted

Rabbi Dr. Marc Shapiro asked that question as well. He points out that several variants of the text would better bring out the "pray only to G-d" concept.

If I recall correctly, Lord Sacks just tweaks the punctuation, and also gets the point across:

הינו אדון עולם; לכל נוצר יורה גדלותו ומלכותו

G-d is Master of the World; He reveals His Greatness and Kingship [directly] to every creature.

Therefore, there is no need for an intermediary when praying.

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Thanks Shalom. I intend to check my Koren Sacks siddur in shul later. Meanwhile inspired by your answer, I found Rabbi Apple's article who says the text should be וְכָל נוֹצָר יודה "and every creature must acknowledge" resolving our difficulty. –  Avrohom Yitzchok Apr 10 '12 at 15:57
@AvrohomYitzchok: IIRC, Philip Birnbaum makes the same point in his siddur, and adds that יורה can mean "to pray" (as in Eruvin 65a, which uses a verse from Ben Sira, בצר אל יורה, to demonstrate that one should not pray when mentally agitated) - so that the only emendation needed is from לכל to וכל. –  Alex Apr 10 '12 at 21:07

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