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The holiday of Purim is unique in that some locations celebrate it on different days. The rule is: if the city was walled at the time of Joshua's conquest of the Land of Israel then they celebrate on the 15th of Adar, while everyone else celebrates on the 14th of Adar.

Are there any cities nowadays that celebrate Purim only on the 15th of Adar aside from Jerusalem?

[Things to consider include (but are not limited to) the lists of cities from the book of Joshua (eg Chapter 12), and the city Shushan itself. Do we know where these are? Do any Jews live there?]

EDIT: To clarify, I am looking for cities that celebrate (as I said above) only on the 15th like Jerusalem does, not cities that have some doubt and celebrate both days.

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2 Answers

Hebron is know to be Ir Miklat - so it had a wall with many gates. Hence, there is dispute if its wall indeed makes it a walled city or not. Therefore, in Hebron and Kiryat Arba purim is holidayed on both days.

Here is a source in Hebrew that lists more places that are sofek mukafin.

הערים שיש לגביהן ספק הן: טבריה, חברון, שכם, יפו, לוד, עזה, צפת, עכו, חיפה. ויש שהוסיפו שיש ספק לגבי: בית שאן, יריחו, באר שבע, רמלה. ובחוץ לארץ: צור, צידון, דמשק, איזמיר ובגדאד.‏

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I specifically asked in the question about cities that celebrate only on the 15th. If you know of any who treat chevron that way, please edit it in. Otherwise, no vote from me. –  Double AA Mar 5 '12 at 14:05
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There are many debates and many customs, but Jeruselem is the only city where everybody treats it as a walled city only.

Some people keep purim in Tzvat on the 15th, some people in Acco do the same. But its' not universally agreed upon, the way it is in Jeruselem.

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Re "Jeruselem is the only city where everybody behaves the same way": I believe everyone in T'verya keeps both days. And of course everyone in Chicago keeps the 14th only. –  msh210 Mar 5 '12 at 7:59
    
@msh210 thanks. And I'm not sure about T'Verya, I heard from someone this year that they only do the 14th. –  avi Mar 5 '12 at 8:02
    
I believe the gemara says that tevarya keeps both days so I would double check with that someone. Also, do you have any information about the people who you say keep just the 15th in tzfat and acko? Who's psak are they following? How many of them are there? –  Double AA Mar 5 '12 at 14:07
    
@DoubleAA Re: Acco and Tzfat, I imagine it's urban legend, passed on, as "I once was with a person who", as I've seen statements on the internet, but have never met a person who actually behaved that way. And my friend who lives in Acco dismisses those who celebrate on the 15th as being incorrect, so he's never met them either. –  avi Mar 5 '12 at 15:44
    
There is a definite custom in Akko. Not everyone follows it. –  Epicentre Apr 7 '13 at 8:28
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