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Do we have any historical source that discusses the relations among King David, the Sanhedrin during his reign, and the high priest during his reign? Were they on friendly terms? Was there a power struggle?

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"whether they were on friendly terms": the priest and David, or the priest and the sanhedrin? – msh210 Feb 21 '12 at 3:41
see my answer here: judaism.stackexchange.com/a/13956/603 – Menachem Feb 21 '12 at 16:43
@avi: true, but it went by other names before that. For example, Josephus calls it Gerousia (from Greek geros, "old"). – Alex Feb 21 '12 at 17:55
@Alex would that mean that Josephus was referring to the 70 Zekenim? – avi Feb 21 '12 at 18:00
@avi: he uses this term during the era of the second Beis Hamikdash too - for example, in Ant. 12:3:3 (in the English translation it's rendered as "senate," a pretty exact Latin parallel to gerousia and zekeinim). – Alex Feb 21 '12 at 23:18

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