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Is a Kohen allowed to marry a woman who is the daughter of a Jewish woman and non-Jewish man?

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According to Shulchan Aruch, Even Ha'Ezer 7:17 and commentaries there, they should not marry. However, if they did so, they may remain together and need not divorce.

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Does the Cohen lose any Cohanic privileges? I would assume not, or else the commentaries would have said something. – Menachem Jun 22 '11 at 19:30
@Menachem: that, plus anyway I don't think he loses Kohanic privileges for something like this which is just pegam but not an outright issur. – Alex Jun 24 '11 at 5:48
@Menachem The better question is whether his sons with this woman are Cohanim. – SAH Dec 3 '15 at 23:35
@sah why is that question better? – Double AA Dec 4 '15 at 0:13

This issue is disputed both in the Gemara and in the Rishonim. The ruling of the commentators of the Shulchan Aruch is that lechatchila a kohen should not marry her, but if he did marry her he is not required to divorce her. There have been cases where authorities have been lenient that even if a kohen was only engaged to her, he may marry her.

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