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Chicken is classified as "meat" and cannot be eaten with dairy. Chicken eggs are considered parve and can be eaten with meat or dairy.

Fish and meat cannot be eaten together either. Does the same logic apply to fish eggs/roe/caviar, allowing them to be eaten with meat, or are they still considered "fish"?

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Sakanta Chamura MaIsura - eating fish and meat together is a Sakana. –  Gershon Gold Jan 12 '12 at 20:53
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I see that the reasons for separating chicken/dairy and meat/fish are different. I also see that eggs removed from the body of a chicken are "meat" -- and caviar is likewise removed from the fish, so unless a different principle applies there is still every reason to consider fish eggs as fish. –  Aaron Jan 12 '12 at 21:03
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FWIW, I have seen jars of caviar labeled "OU - fish" This designation does not appear on OU certified packages of tuna fish or lox. Perhaps they write "fish" on caviar because not everyone knows the source of caviar, and they want to alert the consumer not to mix caviar with meat. –  user1095 Jan 13 '12 at 9:00
    
@Will, I can confirm that the 'fish' designation is most likely to prevent people's eating it with meat, because I once called the OU to ask why some OU-certified Worcestershire sauces have that designation and others do not, and they replied IIRC that those that may not be eaten with meat are so designated. (Worcestershire sauce is made with fish, but only a bit; apparently, it's batel in some such sauces.) –  msh210 Jan 13 '12 at 15:52

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There is a fundamental difference between eggs and caviar. Chicken eggs come in a totally separate shell - however caviar does not come in a seperate shell therefore it is still considered fish.

Although I do not have a source - the reason there is no source is that it must be clear that fish eggs are considered as fish. A small proof to this is on Rosh HaShana the Minhag is to eat roe of a fish and say Shenifre V'Nirbe K'Dagim.

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It probably depends what the mechanism is whereby mixing fish and meat becomes dangerous. Since whatever protein that is unique to fish to cause this issue likely is found also in their eggs, I would say you can't mix the eggs with meat. The issue is not one of Halachik Status, but one of a potential poison.

Caveat: modern science has yet to find any reason that we should actually be worried about eating fish with meat, and in fact has discovered many other foods that are way more unhealthy.

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When the Gemara says that eating fish and meat is "dangerous", some meforshim understand that to mean a physical danger (choking on bones), others understand it to be some kind of spiritual danger (perhaps similar to the "timtum halev" caused by eating treif). –  user1095 Jan 13 '12 at 8:57
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@Will, which mefarshim say the latter? The expression in the Gemara (Pesachim 76b) is that fish-and-meat is harmful "because of [body] odor and 'something else'" - the latter being the Gemara's usual term for tzaraas, and indeed Rashi explains it so. I'd be interested to see who indeed explains it differently. –  Alex Jan 13 '12 at 17:41
    
See the Vilna Gaon, who says that any decree made by our sages cannot be understood on a simple level. They may have expressed one overt reason, but there may be multiple hidden reasons, some of which spiritual / mystical, and beyond the comprehension of our five senses. –  user1095 Jan 14 '12 at 18:09
    
@Will Is not eating fish and meat a decree of the sages? The decree is not to do dangerous things. We use our understanding of the world to understand what is dangerous or not. You are simply telling me that the sages may have told us to avoid dangerous things for deep mystical reasons; that doesn't seem germane to the discussion. –  Double AA Jan 15 '12 at 0:34

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