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According to this answer to a related question, the g'mara on Bava Kamma 82a requires reading torah at least every three days because we should never go longer than that without words of torah.

But at minimum we say the sh'ma, a torah text, twice a day.

Why does that not satisfy the requirement?
Is the g'mara talking specifically about public reading? (If so, why does that make a difference?)

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

Rava says that Shema does satisfy the technical requirement to learn Torah each day (a mitzva md'oraysa for men). So that takana must have been trying to accomplish more, probably to have a public reading, perhaps also to learn something new every week. The public reading has its own birchas haTorah on it, so its clearly quite significant. (Some even say its birchas haTorah is md'oraysa.) There can be different reasons for its significance. It is a Kiddush Hashem b'rabim, and perhaps its public nature is a recreation of Matan Torah.

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Who says the brachot on an aliyah are deoraita? – Double AA Sep 5 '12 at 5:41

Because it is not done through a way of learning, rather a way of praying and declaring belief etc.

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But then birchas kohanim and Ezehu M'koman and the b'raysa of Rabi Yoshmael (all of which are said each morning) should count toward the "no three days without Tora" requirement, since they are study. (They count as study, according to many, toward the requirement of studying Tora each day.) Seemingly the "no three days without Tora" requirement doesn't hinge (only) on whether something is prayer. – msh210 Dec 14 '11 at 20:52
You said "according to many". However, according to others it doesn't count as learning. That's why in Siddur Od Yosef Hai they give a list of a few pesukim, mishnayot, and gemarot "latzet lekol hadeot." I guess my explanation only fits according to those who hold it doesn't count as learning – Hacham Gabriel Dec 14 '11 at 21:02
But what if you recite those added passages? Do you not need to hear a public reading during the week, or even on Shabbath? – Seth J Jan 9 '12 at 0:16
No, because we are not hayesh lemiuta- making gezerot for the minority. – Hacham Gabriel Jan 9 '12 at 0:25

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