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The Posuk says(27,41):

יִקְרְבוּ יְמֵי אֵבֶל אָבִי וְאַהַרְגָה אֶת יַעֲקֹב אָחִי:

Translated as:"Let the days of mourning for my father draw near, I will then kill my brother Jacob. "

The question is why wait until then?

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Related: judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/4156 –  msh210 Nov 22 '11 at 7:12

4 Answers 4

Two options:

  1. Read as you did, "When the mourning for my father will come, I will kill my brother Yaakov." In this case, you must explain that Eisav (who was exemplary at כיבוד אב, as Chazal said) did not want to upset Yitzchak with the death of Yaakov, and thus would wait until after Yitzchak's death.
  2. Read instead, "The days of my father's mourning [for Yaakov] will be near, for I will kill my brother Yaakov." In this case, Eisav was apparently not planning to wait at all.
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#1 is Rashi (27:41) with Sifse Chachamim; see also Ramban's first explanation. –  msh210 Nov 22 '11 at 7:15

Jake's good answer lists two possibilities. Some more:

  • (Chizkuni) He wanted to wait until he'd know Yitzchak would have no further sons who could avenge Yaakov's death.
  • (Daas Z'kenim) The pasuk is to be read as "[If I kill Yaakov now, I'll cause that] my father will die sooner. [So I'll wait until Yitzchak's death and then] I'll kill Yaakov."
  • (Perush Yonasan and K'li Yakar) He wanted to wait until Yaakov would mourn and be unallowed to study Tora, so he'd be unprotected and Esav would be able to kill him.
  • (Ramban's second explanation) He didn't want to kill Yaakov during Yitzchak's life, lest Yitzchak curse him.
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The sefer Sifsei Kohen here writes that he heard someone explain (דרך הלצה) that Eisav said to himself: If I kill Ya’akov now I will have to observe a period of mourning for him, and when my father also dies I will have to observe another period of mourning. Therefore, I won’t kill Ya’akov now but rather “let the days of mourning for my father draw near” and then I will mourn for both of them together only once instead of twice.

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Wow. Psycho. Was planning to sit Shiva for his murder victim? Thats special. –  user6591 Nov 17 at 13:47

R. Shlomo Kluger in his sefer Imrei Shefer writes that:

Eisav could have killed Ya’akov even while Yitzchok was still alive, but the reason why he delayed, saying to himself that when “the days of mourning for my father shall draw near I will kill Ya’akov, my brother” is because he knew that when he kills Ya’akov he will be very happy, and on the other hand he knew that when his father dies he will be greatly distressed. Therefore he wanted to delay Ya’akov’s death until his father dies, in order to alleviate the distress that he will experience on his father’s death by killing Ya’akov.

This is what Rivkah was saying to Ya’akov: “Behold, Eisav your brother is consoling himself with you by killing you” - he is planning to console himself at the time when he will be in need of consolation - when his father dies - by killing you.

Translation taken from here.

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