Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

Some people are very careful to say Hashem or Elokim when singing a song with one of G-d's names in it so as not to use His name in vain (related question), but I have also been told this is unnecessary since these songs are equivalent to prayer.

  • If you shouldn't pronounce them, why did the authors put them in explicitly?

  • If there's no problem with pronouncing them, then how does repeating the words (for example, in the chorus) affect that? I mean, now that you're saying the words simply to fit in with the melody does that make pronouncing them in vain?

share|improve this question
+1. Re "repeating the words": you mean Hashem's name? or other words? – msh210 Oct 31 '11 at 7:39
Both. Repeating Hashem's name definitely seems problematic, and changing the words of a verse or stanza which contains His name might also change its status from a prayer/Torah study to just singing. – Michael Sandler Oct 31 '11 at 8:02
See also judaism.stackexchange.com/q/12928. – msh210 Jan 3 '12 at 17:14
I don't know about the second part of the second question but I know Divre Shalom WeEmet of Harav Toledano writes explicitly to say Hashem's name in song. – Hacham Gabriel Oct 20 '13 at 15:41
up vote 22 down vote accepted


Rambam (Sh'vuos 12:9) rules that one who uses Hashem's Name in a meaningless oath or a an unwarranted blessing violates the Torah prohibition to use His Name in vain. One who utters His Name without a purpose transgresses the lower level, Torah commandment to fear His Name (ibid.:11).In the latter case, the Rambam instructs one to rectify an improper utterance of the Name by adding words of praise of Hashem.

As the aforementioned Rambam hinted, it is likewise permissible to use Hashem's Name to praise Him, including in Shabbat zemiros and other liturgy. Indeed, some (incl. Rav Sh. Z. Orbach) pronounce the Names normally. (The rhyming in some zemirot indicates that the liturgist also did so.) However, many have the custom to alter the Names (Nefesh HaRav, pg. 160 reports that Rav Soloveitchik did not utter the Names in zemirot). The explanation of this custom is apparently that we are concerned that we will not be in the proper frame of mind (B'tzel Hachuchma IV, 52) or may stop in the middle of a phrase (see Igrot Moshe, ibid.) or otherwise disgrace the Name. [Ed. or overly repeat phrases in singing the Z'mirot.]

In practice, one can choose either to pronounce normally or change Hashem's Names when reading Torah texts, saying informal prayers, or singing zemirot. When studying b'rachot, he must change the Names; when reading a whole pasuk, it is proper to pronounce the Names accurately.

share|improve this answer
See too: Biur Halacha OC 188; Piskei Teshuvos 215:18 that specifically allows saying Hashem's name in songs and prayers. See too: doseofhalacha.blogspot.co.uk/2014/06/shabbos-zemiros.html – Zvi Jul 24 '14 at 20:36

The Sefer Divre Shalom WeEmet on the Minhagim of North Africa writes that one should sing songs with Hashem's name. For the second part of the question, I heard the Baba Sali said not to repeat Hashem's name over and over but only say it once.

share|improve this answer
Following the Baba Sali, does it matter if you repeat the verse, using HaShem's name only the first (or second) time, but not both? – Seth J Nov 10 '13 at 23:04
My Rosh Yeshiva also said to only say Hashems name the first time. – user6591 Jan 14 at 1:17

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.