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One man owns two of the only very expensive stamps in the world. Let us say each stamp was worth a million dollars. A second man comes along and destroys stamp one. The catch is that now according to the new value the one stamp is worth more than two million, meaning the owner had a zero net loss and even had a net gain.

Is the person who destroyed stamp one responsible to pay? If so, how much? Or does the owner of the stamps have to pay him for the extra value his stamp now has?

(sources please)

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How about if someone breaks something where the owner is insured, is that not the same question? In both cases at the end of the day the owner does not take a financial loss. –  CB01 Jan 24 '12 at 22:11
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2 Answers

No sources, but some logic.

Damages paid are the difference in value (fair market value) to the damaged object.

Here, the individual stamp is worth far less, while the collection of stamps is worth more. So if one considers the stamp as the object damaged, the tortfeasor is liable; if one considers the collection, he's not.

More than that I can't guess at.

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We are in the frame of Halacha logic does not always work –  simchastorah Oct 9 '11 at 13:06
@simchashatorah, right. If I had more daas tora, I could apply logic with confidence. Since I don't, my use of logic may be faulty even though I see nothing wrong with it. –  msh210 Oct 9 '11 at 14:05
I meant that Halacha does not comply woiith logic like in this example judaism.stackexchange.com/questions/9740/… no one thinks it should be potur –  simchastorah Oct 9 '11 at 14:33
Logically, though (and again, I don't have any source either), you should consider the individual objects rather than the collection. Previously, he could have sold each stamp individually, and might have been more easily able to find buyers for each one; now, he needs to find someone who's willing to pay $2 million+ for the one stamp. –  Alex Oct 9 '11 at 15:14
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There's a famous analysis of the two stamp question attributed to R. Chaim Soloveitchik - it's cited here, albeit without any source.

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Hi @Yitzhak, and welcome to Mi Yodeya. This answer would be a lot better if you summarized the conclusion, or perhaps the general analysis, from the source. Or perhaps at least quote the final paragraph. –  Yishai Feb 13 at 18:33
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