The title of the question is tongue in cheek. There was a very kind family that was away for the summer and allowed their home to be used by a second family. The second family got there and found the fridge and freezer to smell rancid as the fridge had broken and the food therein had rotted,wanting to pay back the family the visiting family disposed of the fridge and its contents and bought the family a brand new fridge as a token of appreciation,all was great until the first family got home and asked what happened to the original fridge after being informed of the good deed the visiting family had done the family that occupied the home told them that the fridge was their safe for valuables and money and they kept a large sum of money there now the question is can the first family halachicly collect the money for the loss in Beis din (sources please)
When I first saw your question I immediately thought to myself "oh, the frozen chicken case". I once saw it in a pamphlet in Yeshiva. Hardest part was tracking it down:
Short answer: no.